MemberJessica Carniel

…Clio, 2016.

“Of Nerds and Men: Dimensions and Discourses of Masculinity in Nerds FC,” in The Sports Documentary: Critical Essays, eds Zachary Inglis and David Sutera, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Pres…

Jessica Carniel is a Senior Lecturer in Humanities at the University of Southern Queensland, where she teaches on the history of Western ideas, ethics and human rights, and global migration. Her broad research interests include Australian and global immigration, cosmopolitan cultures, sporting communities and identities, cultural studies and gender studies. She has published widely on gender and ethnic identities in literature and sports cultures in multicultural Australia. Her study of Eurovision in Australia will be published by Palgrave Macmillan in late 2018.

GroupGlobal & Transnational Studies

Open to anyone with an interest in historical and contemporary movements of people, ideas, cultures and goods across boundaries. The aim is to encourage interdisciplinary conversations on a wide range of topics of transnational and global significance. These may include but are not necessarily limited to migration, trade, development, empire, consumption, food, sport, languages, literature, […]

Deposit“Rough! Tough! Real Stuff!”: Music, Militarism, and Masculinity in American College Football

Robert Kennedy proclaimed, “Except for war, there is nothing in American life which trains a boy better for life than football.” While the sport’s governing bodies are presently distancing themselves from violent connections—altering rules in order to make the game safer for players—football culture remains firmly connected with militarism. This article explores the role of music in communicating a martial brand of masculinity through two lenses of critical critique from communication theory. One, Sue Curry Jansen’s concept “warspeak” describes the use of military language in sporting contexts, and this essay extends this concept to “warsound.” Two, Paul Smith’s theory of the progression of the masculine form in Clint Eastwood’s films. These theories elucidate what Charles Garrett referred to as the “masculinist, militarist tropes that permeate sports music” in the specific context of college football. This article posits that the stadium soundscape of present-day college football reinforces a militarized, violent masculinity by examining historic and cinematic associations with musical selections encountered in modern college football stadiums. This paper is bolstered by the ethnographic study of sixteen football game sites collected across the United States in 2013, including schools representing the nation’s five largest athletic conferences. These case studies demonstrate the ubiquitous association between militarism and masculinity in college football culture nationwide. These case studies are also supported by interviews with musical agents at each institution, such as band directors and audio/video technicians, who provide insight into the rationale behind college football’s soundscape.

DepositAn examination of hockey: identity, gender construction, hegemonic masculinity, women’s hockey, and Turkey

The purpose of this study was to examine hockey’s identity, how the game constructs identity, and how the increasing participation of females in hockey in Canada and Turkey is altering identity. Through qualitative research and personal experience it is revealed that in order for hockey and Turkey to modernize, a new male identity needs to emerge that views females as equals and not a threat to their constructed idea of masculinity. The sport of ice hockey is identified as being Canadian and Canadians identify themselves through hockey. Hockey has given Canadians an imagined community, which is built upon the successes of the men’s national hockey teams in international competition. Sports like hockey play an important role in forming gender identity. Hockey is recognized in popular culture as being violent and history reveals that violence has always been a part of hockey. However, the aggressive and physical nature of the sport is inherent and not only reserved for the male side of hockey. The dominating and aggressive behaviour portrayed in the media in men’s hockey is what is known as hegemonic masculinity. This hegemonic masculinity is also evident in Turkey’s patriarchal culture. Because of this patriarchal culture, women in Turkey are treated poorly with high reports of physical and mental abuse. Hockey is helping give women in Turkey confidence while also altering the traditional identity of femininity. In order for a new male identity to emerge, a new male gaze that recognizes that women are equal and can play hockey is required. This new male gaze is being formed already due to the shift in media coverage of women’s hockey and the participation of women in ice hockey. And from that new male gaze, there are already examples of this new male identity emerging, providing hope for continued growth.

MemberTyler Bilton

Born on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada, I have spent most of my life playing or coaching ice hockey. I am interested in how sport forms our identities. Because of ice hockey, I have lived in the USA, Turkey, Austria, and now Sweden. After completing my MA in Liberal Studies at the University of Maine, I coached at the University of Connecticut and Connecticut College and then moved to Austria to coach at a hockey academy. Currently, I am a coach in Stockholm and working on getting back into the academic field to pursue a Ph.D.

MemberStephen Hopkins

I work on all things apocrypha in Medieval religious literature, taking a comparative philological approach. My dissertation tracks the transmission of infernal apocrypha (especially the Gospel of Nicodemus and Vision of St. Paul) across Old English, Old Norse, Middle Welsh, and Old/Middle Irish periods. My idea of a good time is scrutinizing vernacular translations of theologically-oriented works, and thinking about the history of emotions and temporality. My favorite sport is etymology. I’m also into Ghost Stories (especially those of M.R. James), Horror, Medievalism (Tolkien and Lewis), and Vikings.

MemberHolly M. Wendt

Holly M. Wendt is Assistant Professor of English at Lebanon Valley College and teaches creative writing, medieval literature, and sports literature. They are also the director of the campus visiting writers’ series, “Writing: A Life,” and a member of the Global Education Committee and Intergroup Dialogue Working Group. Their research interests include Beowulf, the homilies of Wulfstan, and Deor, as well as early eighteenth century piracy. Their creative works have appeared in BarrelhouseMemoriousGulf Stream, and elsewhere, and they are a weekly contributor to Baseball Prospectus’s Short Relief column. They are a recipient of the Robert and Charlotte Baron Fellowship for Visual and Creative Artists from the American Antiquarian Society, as well as a fellowship from the Jentel Foundation.