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DepositFrancisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili on the Legal Character of the Global Commonwealth

In discussing the works of 16th-century theorists Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili, this article examines how two different conceptions of a global legal community affect the legal character of the international order and the obligatory force of international law. For Vitoria the legal bindingness of ius gentium necessarily presupposes an integrated character of the global commonwealth that leads him to as it were ascribe legal personality to the global community as a whole. But then its legal status and its consequences have to be clarified. For Gentili on the other hand, sovereign states in their plurality are the pinnacle of the legal order(s). His model of a globally valid ius gentium then oscillates between being analogous to private law, depending on individual acceptance by states and being natural law, appearing in a certain sense as a form rather of morality than of law.

DepositLocal Landscapes, Global Cinemascapes, and the New Galician Documentary

This essay analyzes recent experimental documentaries by Lois Patiño and Xurxo González (aka Xurxo Chirro) within the context of the Novo Cinema Galego, its digital modes of production, its geographical aesthetics, and the ways in which it visualizes ever-evolving notions of Galician identity and point of view. While these directors’ films problematize formal barriers, boundaries, and distinctions, they also draw special attention to national and regional geographies, cultures, identities, languages, in order to make the Galician Worldview visible onscreen. Paisaxes locais, cinemascapes globais e o novo documental galego Resumo: Este ensaio analiza os recentes documentais experimentais de Lois Patiño e Xurxo González (tamén coñecido como Xurxo Chirro) dentro do contexto do Novo Cinema Galego, os seus modos dixitais de produción, a súa estética xeográfca e as maneiras nas que visualiza as nocións, en evolución constante, de identidade e punto de vista galegos. Os filmes destes directores, ao tempo que problematizan barreiras, divisións e diferenzas formais, tamén chaman a atención sobre xeografías nacionais e rexionais, culturas, identidades e linguas, a fin de faceren visíbel a cosmovisión galega na pantalla.

DepositGlobal Shakespeare 2.0 and the Task of the Performance Archive

What are digital video’s functions? How can those functions be best facilitated in the field of Shakespeare studies when the disciplinary boundary between text and performance is blurred by virtual performative texts? This article surveys the state of global Shakespeare and analyses the implications of digital video in scholarly and pedagogic practice.

DepositVirtue and Commerce: Republicanism and the Development of the Global Economy

This course examines the history of virtue in the context of the expanding global economy from the Renaissance to the early twentieth century. The course follows the growth of the European economy from the Italian Peninsula in the sixteenth century to the Dutch Republic in the seventeenth century, the development of colonial and worldwide economies in the eighteenth century, and the process of industrialization in the nineteenth century. It tracks the changing understandings of virtue and commerce through the writings of leading theorists of the day, including James Harrington, Bernard Mandeville, Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Max Weber.

DepositGlobal Circulation and Some Problems in Liberalism, Liberalization, and Neoliberalism

The article begins with current research in world literature studies, translation and transculturation and then turns to world literatures that engaged with liberalism, liberalization, and, more recently, neoliberalism. It interrogates the connections between liberalism as open-mindedness, tolerance of diversity, individualism, and equality; liberalization as technological modernization and the opening up of cultures; and neoliberalism as the prioritizing of market over other values. With examples from world-historical literatures from China, Europe, India, Latin America, and the Middle East, it considers engagement with western liberalisms and modernization and some recent conflicts between liberalism and neoliberalism. The article is an exercise in comparative political-economic languages and how we might think about literature’s global circulation under interdependent but uneven conditions of development.

DepositGlobal Currents: Cultures of Literary Networks, 1050-1900

This project undertakes the cross-cultural study of literary networks in a global context, ranging from post-classical Islamic philosophy to the European Enlightenment. Integrating new image-processing techniques with social network analysis, we examine how different cultural epochs are characterized by unique networks of intellectual exchange. Research on “world literature” has become a central area of inquiry today within the humanities, and yet so far data-driven approaches have largely been absent from the field. Our combined approach of visual language processing and network modeling allows us to study the non-western and pre-print textual heritages so far resistant to large-scale data analysis as well as develop a new model of global comparative literature that preserves a sense of the world’s cultural differences.

DepositRemixing Rural Texas: Local Texts, Global Context

Remixing Rural Texas (RRT) prototype frames critical race narratives in rural, northeast Texas by bringing together archival research methods with three traditions increasingly common in the Digital Humanities: aggregation, remixing, and geomapping tools. RRT is both expository and participatory in nature. Expository aspects feature video documentaries remixed almost entirely from existing local history collections illustrating the convergence of geographical, temporal, political, and economic factors in shifting critical race narratives across local landscapes by foregrounding tensions surrounding local texts and contexts with global implications. The participatory role invites and guides research, community and student participants in collecting, remixing, and likewise framing additional critical race narratives of their own. Level I grant will fund the expository portion of RRT leading to a Level II grant application to support the participatory role to build from prototype.

DepositInternationalizing Humanities Education through Globally Networked Learning

This Level 2 Internationalizing Humanities Education through Globally Networked Learning Project will test and implement models that will assist humanities faculty to internationalize their classes by using available Internet-based tools to create a cross-cultural curriculum. Faculty will be trained to use learning management software and socio software tools to generate collaborative assignments that challenge students to negotiate and build shared learning cultures online. The project?s goal is to demonstrate that any humanities faculty member can teach a course in a globally networked learning environment if given the appropriate technological, pedagogical and intercultural support. A blog-based process journal will be used to track the challenges faced and lessons-learned during the implementation of humanities courses in Medieval Literature, Art History, and Drama Studies that will conducted with foreign partners in Russia, Ghana, and French Canada.