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DepositA Hamaḏānian Patchwork

Among the numerous Jewish uṣūl al-dīn compositions in the Second Firkovitch Collection at the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg there is one that I have labelled “A Hamaḏānian Patchwork”. You might just as well call it “A Persian Carpet”. It is another magnificent specimen of “diachronic intertextualities”. The treatise, which is partly preserved in ms. St. Petersburg, RNL, Yevr.-Arab. I 4881 and a few smaller fragments, is made up of many customised quotations, first and foremost from works by the chief Qāḍī Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAbd al-Ǧabbār b. Aḥmad al-Hamaḏānī (d. 415/1024), in particular his Muḥīṭ and Muġnī. A full breakdown of the text’s fabric will be presented in a separate publication. Of the two samples given below, the first reproduces a passage which is also quoted in the extensive Šarḥ ʿUyūn al-masāʾil by al-Ḥākim Abū Saʿd al-Muḥassin b. Muḥammad b. Kurrāma al-Bayhaqī al-Barawġanī al-Ǧušamī/Češumī (d. 494/1101), while the second renders two passages taken from the Nubūwāt of the Muġnī. In several instances, these quotations will help to lay bare mistakes in the printed edition.

DepositGutenberg Goes Overboard: How the Russian Futurists Defied Convention in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction

This paper examines two approaches I argue most successfully transformed the conventional book and in doing so, challenged Walter Benjamin’s paradigm for art in the “age of mechanical reproduction.” These includes the neo-primitivist approach, in which artists looked to a pre-Gutenberg era for inspiration, and the ferroconcrete approach which looked to redefine the artist’s relationship to typography. To illustrate my argument, I examine the works of two Russian Futurists, Aleksei Kruchenykh who typifies the primitivist approach, and Vasily Kamensky, who invented the ferroconcrete approach.

DepositThe Challenges the Taishō Democracy Faced.pdf

The democratization of Japan has been challenging throughout Japanese history. A society remaining used to the feudal order, Japanese norms and values as a result of the 200-years long sakoku (closed country) policy of the Tokugawa Shogunate and imperial order faced tremendous challenges in its path of democratization. Therefore, the question of why Japan failed to democratize itself but disguised its ambitions in the ideologies such as militarism, expansionism, and imperialism, is of significant value. Such a dichotomy in Japanese history, which lies in the gap between democratization and militarism, has more than one explanation to it, for it is plausible to analyze Japan’s failure by investigating cultural, political, and economic causes altogether. Only then is it conceivable to recognize an inclination in the contemporary global agenda as well, by explaining why particular nations, such as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation, are a far cry from other democratic nations of the globe.

DepositTracking the framing of politicians and news events across the multilingual Wikipedia:translation and its unseen impact

Major international news stories often give rise to the very rapid development of a multilingual set of Wikipedia articles that are the site of multiple acts of translation, the presence of which can, however, be difficult to detect. Focusing on contemporary Russian news stories, this project has attempted to investigate this area, aiming to identify the presence of translation through the application of a number of different approaches and to interpret its function in terms of its contribution to knowledge creation and point of view. To date, the investigation has revealed much about the presence and role of translation in the encyclopaedia, while the next stages of the project are designed to extend, enrich and – possibly – challenge the existing analysis with the aid of a number of digital tools that we aim to develop.

DepositTracking the framing of politicians and news events across the multilingual Wikipedia:translation and its unseen impact

Major international news stories often give rise to the very rapid development of a multilingual set of Wikipedia articles that are the site of multiple acts of translation, the presence of which can, however, be difficult to detect. Focusing on contemporary Russian news stories, this project has attempted to investigate this area, aiming to identify the presence of translation through the application of a number of different approaches and to interpret its function in terms of its contribution to knowledge creation and point of view. To date, the investigation has revealed much about the presence and role of translation in the encyclopaedia, while the next stages of the project are designed to extend, enrich and – possibly – challenge the existing analysis with the aid of a number of digital tools that we aim to develop.

DepositRailroads of the Glorious Empires in the late 19th Century: From the Great Game to the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05

Railroads have been an inevitable part of countries’ expansionist and imperialist policies throughout history. Easing commodity and mobility, railroads also provided the transfer of knowledge and became a means of intelligence sharing. In this view, it is plausible to observe a pattern where nations allocated budget for their railroad construction throughout history. Moreover, they also sought expansionist policies by constructing ‘trans’ railroads, connecting more extensive regions, or even continents. Hence, investigating railroads sheds light on world history, for it enables one to comprehend the ultimate motives countries had before embarking upon such endeavors. The present research, therefore, analyzes railroad construction focusing on the nineteenth century. It commences by introducing a brief history of the railroad construction around the globe. Then, it moves on to the Great Game theory and analyzes how the rivalry between the British and Russian Empires increased the speed of constructions with expansionist policies behind them. This research also elucidates what impacts railroads built by the Russian Empire had on the Empire of Japan, and how it led to the escalation of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. Moreover, it focuses on the conflicts taking place between the Russian Empire and the United States with a connection to their impacts on the British Empire. In conclusion, the paper aims at discovering a trend showing how railroads shaped world history, taking into account the example of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05.

DepositThe Legacy of a War: How the Legacy of the Russo-Japanese War Affected the US-Japan Relations

The Russo-Japanese War—fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan from 1904 until 1905—was undoubtedly among the most significant wars in world history. Not only did it define the future of imperialism adopted by the Russian Empire, but it also shaped the future of world politics. Some scholars even refer to the Russo-Japanese War as ‘World War Zero’ (Steinberg 2007), given its profound and long-lasting impacts. This paper will elucidate the Russo-Japanese War, elaborate on the events and battles that took place during the war chronologically, analyze the consequences of the Russo-Japanese War, and draw a conclusion elucidating how the aftermath of the Russo-Japanese War affected US-Japan relations.

DepositThe First and the Last: JUSTalk Podcast Episode 1

As a team, our endeavor comes to fruition in the form of a 30-minute podcast, which you can listen to right here. In this podcast, we broadly discuss the idea of “justice” in various regional contexts, including Guam, Russia, Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Specifically, we talk about the moments of revelation that inspired us to pursue academic careers and how we relate to and identify with the concept of justice.

DepositSoviet federalism from below: The Soviet Republics of Odessa and the Russian Far East, 1917–1918

In early 1918, the Bolshevik-dominated Third Congress of Soviets declared the formation of a new composite polity—the Soviet Russian Republic. The congress’s resolutions, however, simultaneously proclaimed a federation of national republics and a federation of soviets. The latter seemed to recognize regionalism and localism as organizing principles on par with nationalism and to legitimize the self-proclaimed Soviet republics across the former Russian Empire. The current article compared two such non-national Soviet republics, those in Odessa and the Russian Far East. The two republics had similar roots in the discourses and practices of the Russian Empire, such as economic and de facto administrative autonomy. They also took similar organizational forms, were run by coalitions, and opposed their own inclusion into larger national and regional formations in Ukraine and Siberia. At the same time, both of the Soviet governments functioned as ad hoc committees and adapted their institutional designs and practices to the concrete—and very different—social and international conditions in the two peripheries. The focus of the Odessa and Far Eastern authorities on specific problems and their embeddedness in the peculiar contexts reflected the very idea of federalism as governance based on decentralization and nuance but contradicted the party-based centralization and the exclusivity of the ethno-national federalism in the consolidated Soviet state.

DepositZene, szó, dráma – színjátékok és szín(e)változások. A történelem szemantikája Puskin és Muszorgszkij művészi szkepszisében / Music, Word, Drama – Stagecraft and Transfigurations. The Semantics of History in the Artistic Skepticism of Pushkin and Musorgsky

Offering a close reading of Pushkin’s Boris Godunov and Musorgsky’s Khovanshchina, “Music—Word—Drama” explores the ways these plays have modified the “evolution line” of drama in the Western tradition. He illuminates the genre of chronicle plays in terms of poetical structure and composition. Russian dramatic chronicles, never before discussed as one corpus, are integrated in a concept of genre poetics. A full biblio- & musicography is provided at the end of the book.