In this paper, I use Sandra Cisneros’s /Caramelo/ (2002) to examine the “traveling borderlands” in Mexican American migrant narratives. Traveling borderlands names the aesthetic and existential practice of creating contingent home spaces that contest paradigms of fragmentation and essentialism, the former often taken to be a defining feature of marginalized identity and the latter often seen as a tactic of resisting marginalization. In defining these traveling borderlands, I use Gloria Anzaldúa’s work to model an interpretive praxis that I call “travesía hermeneutics,” in which we understand the position of the artist (and also the depicted subject, if it applies) as mobilized and moving, thus unsettling her artistic and narrative authority in favor of a more horizontal relationship between herself and the people she represents in the novel. Using travesía hermeneutics, I argue that Cisneros’s Caramelo articulates traveling borderlands as an idea of emplacement that offers us a mode of being in the world that moves otherwise than ideologies of essentialized or inescapable marginality. What we encounter in /Caramelo/ is a political and ethical challenge to unsettle ourselves along with the author, and in so doing, to explore new methods of creating space for dialogue with others. These intriguing, experimental dialogues suggest new relationships in and to the margins, thus surveying the possibilities represented by marginal identities and mobile sociality.
Recent decades have witnessed a dramatic broadening in the scope of aesthetic inquiry. No longer focused exclusively on the arts and natural beauty, the mainstream of aesthetics has entered a delta in which its flow has spread out into many channels before entering the ocean of civilization. Several decades ago, environmental aesthetics began to attract interest and has grown to be an important focus of present-day inquiry in aesthetics. Along with environmental ethics, it has become part of the broader scope of environmental studies and the environmental movement in general. This expansion has continued, interpreting environment not only as natural but also as social. Aesthetics has been applied to social relations and political uses, and now, most recently to the objects and situations of everyday life. Similarly, the course of the arts has displayed a succession of changes over the past century and a half, increasingly rejecting traditional paradigms of representation and incorporating into their subject-matter and practices the everyday world, along with active participation by their audience. It would seem that art has overstepped all boundaries, boundaries between art and non-art, between artist and perceiver, between art and life. Some might say that it has lost its identity entirely.
The purpose of this editorial review is to re-examine the prospect that Luciano Floridi’s Philosophy of Information (PI), and information ethics (IE) may serve as the conceptual foundation for library and information science (LIS), and that LIS may thus be seen as applied PI. This re-examination is timely, fifteen years after this proposal was first made, in light of the development and wider acceptance of the PI concept itself, of advances in information technologies and changes in the information environment, and of the consequent, and continuing, need for LIS to re-evaluate its nature and role. We first give a brief and selective account of the introduction and consequent reception of the idea of PI as the basis for LIS; more detailed account of the origins of PI, and its initial reception within LIS, have been given by Furner (2010), by Fyffe (2015), and by Van der Veer Martens (2015). Then we consider whether such a basis is, in fact, needed, and, if so, what the other possibilities might be, and then examine five particular aspects of the relation between LIS and PI. The conclusions, for those who do not make to the end, are that such a foundation is indeed needed, and that PI is the most appropriate basis.
Trans rights advocacy is a social justice movement that is transforming language practices relating to gender. Research has highlighted the fact that language which constructs gender as binary harms trans people, and some trans studies researchers have developed guidelines for honouring trans people’s names and pronouns. The language of academic writing is an area of discussion where questions of trans rights and trans experiences have not yet been addressed. This paper draws on two data sources to explore the citation experiences and practices of trans scholars and activists: a web-based archive of writers’ perspectives built between 2015 and 2016; and a corpus-based study of 14 research ar- ticles published in TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly. Our analysis highlights the sensi- tivity that is required of colleagues who work with transgender authors’ writing, furthering our understanding of citation as a collaborative and potentially intimate and caring practice. Practices of referring to work by trans scholars pose ethical questions about the social relations expressed in citation in general, enabling applied language scholars to develop a new and different awareness of the sociality of citation.
Latin American literature, American literature, Novel Theory, Narratology, Ecocriticism, Race & Ethnicity, Literature & Ethics
Jessica Carniel is a Senior Lecturer in Humanities at the University of Southern Queensland, where she teaches on the history of Western ideas, ethics and human rights, and global migration. Her broad research interests include Australian and global immigration, cosmopolitan cultures, sporting communities and identities, cultural studies and gender studies. She has published widely on gender and ethnic identities in literature and sports cultures in multicultural Australia. Her study of Eurovision in Australia will be published by Palgrave Macmillan in late 2018.
Arnold Berleant is Professor of Philosophy (Emeritus) at Long Island University (USA) and the founding editor of the on-line journal, Contemporary Aesthetics. He is the author of numerous articles, as well as eight books and three edited volumes. Berleant’s work ranges over aesthetics, especially environmental aesthetics, the arts, ethics, and social philosophy. He has lectured widely, both nationally and internationally, and has been active in many professional organizations including the International Association of Aesthetics of which he is a founding member and Past President.
Dr Sandra Leonie Field is a political philosopher working at Yale-NUS College, Singapore. Her research investigates conceptions of political power and their implications for democratic theory. She approaches these themes through engagement with texts in the history of philosophy, especially Hobbes and Spinoza. More broadly, she teaches and is interested in political thought, theory, and philosophy, both historical and contemporary; moral philosophy, both Western and non-Western; and social theory.