Digital Frontiers is an annual conference that explores advances and research in humanities and cultural memory through the lenses of digital scholarship, technology, and multidisciplinary discourse. The conference recognizes creativity and collaboration across academic subjects by bringing together researchers, students, librarians, archivists, genealogists, historians, information and technology professionals, and scientists. The theme for the 2017 […]
I spend most of my time thinking about and working on digital technology and its power to inform, educate and entertain. Like any tool, digital technology is progressive and creative, advancing and improving our lives in many ways; but it can also be disruptive and even dangerous depending on how it is used. These effects can be intentional or unintended. My aim is to understand how to best use technology to engage and empower as many people as possible whilst preventing or mitigating the auto-information disorders that degrade digital environments. My scholarship spans history, cultural and media studies, information science, social science and computing. My research interests centre on the evolution of documentary and communication media, the adoption of technology and associated socio-cultural shifts. My research has explored different advances in digital media: the web and digital publishing, digital television and narrowcasting, and the growing use of data sensors to quantify and analyse environments and behaviours. Working as a business analyst I’ve applied a wide range of methods and techniques from both my research training and professional certifications to design and develop various systems and services. I have a growing interest in behaviour driven design, data ethics and accessibility.
Recent decades have witnessed a dramatic broadening in the scope of aesthetic inquiry. No longer focused exclusively on the arts and natural beauty, the mainstream of aesthetics has entered a delta in which its flow has spread out into many channels before entering the ocean of civilization. Several decades ago, environmental aesthetics began to attract interest and has grown to be an important focus of present-day inquiry in aesthetics. Along with environmental ethics, it has become part of the broader scope of environmental studies and the environmental movement in general. This expansion has continued, interpreting environment not only as natural but also as social. Aesthetics has been applied to social relations and political uses, and now, most recently to the objects and situations of everyday life. Similarly, the course of the arts has displayed a succession of changes over the past century and a half, increasingly rejecting traditional paradigms of representation and incorporating into their subject-matter and practices the everyday world, along with active participation by their audience. It would seem that art has overstepped all boundaries, boundaries between art and non-art, between artist and perceiver, between art and life. Some might say that it has lost its identity entirely.
Trans rights advocacy is a social justice movement that is transforming language practices relating to gender. Research has highlighted the fact that language which constructs gender as binary harms trans people, and some trans studies researchers have developed guidelines for honouring trans people’s names and pronouns. The language of academic writing is an area of discussion where questions of trans rights and trans experiences have not yet been addressed. This paper draws on two data sources to explore the citation experiences and practices of trans scholars and activists: a web-based archive of writers’ perspectives built between 2015 and 2016; and a corpus-based study of 14 research ar- ticles published in TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly. Our analysis highlights the sensi- tivity that is required of colleagues who work with transgender authors’ writing, furthering our understanding of citation as a collaborative and potentially intimate and caring practice. Practices of referring to work by trans scholars pose ethical questions about the social relations expressed in citation in general, enabling applied language scholars to develop a new and different awareness of the sociality of citation.
The purpose of this editorial review is to re-examine the prospect that Luciano Floridi’s Philosophy of Information (PI), and information ethics (IE) may serve as the conceptual foundation for library and information science (LIS), and that LIS may thus be seen as applied PI. This re-examination is timely, fifteen years after this proposal was first made, in light of the development and wider acceptance of the PI concept itself, of advances in information technologies and changes in the information environment, and of the consequent, and continuing, need for LIS to re-evaluate its nature and role. We first give a brief and selective account of the introduction and consequent reception of the idea of PI as the basis for LIS; more detailed account of the origins of PI, and its initial reception within LIS, have been given by Furner (2010), by Fyffe (2015), and by Van der Veer Martens (2015). Then we consider whether such a basis is, in fact, needed, and, if so, what the other possibilities might be, and then examine five particular aspects of the relation between LIS and PI. The conclusions, for those who do not make to the end, are that such a foundation is indeed needed, and that PI is the most appropriate basis.
Jessica Carniel is a Senior Lecturer in Humanities at the University of Southern Queensland, where she teaches on the history of Western ideas, ethics and human rights, and global migration. Her broad research interests include Australian and global immigration, cosmopolitan cultures, sporting communities and identities, cultural studies and gender studies. She has published widely on gender and ethnic identities in literature and sports cultures in multicultural Australia. Her study of Eurovision in Australia will be published by Palgrave Macmillan in late 2018.
Latin American literature, American literature, Novel Theory, Narratology, Ecocriticism, Race & Ethnicity, Literature & Ethics
Dr Sandra Leonie Field is a political philosopher working at Yale-NUS College, Singapore. Her research investigates conceptions of political power and their implications for democratic theory. She approaches these themes through engagement with texts in the history of philosophy, especially Hobbes and Spinoza. More broadly, she teaches and is interested in political thought, theory, and philosophy, both historical and contemporary; moral philosophy, both Western and non-Western; and social theory.
Arnold Berleant is Professor of Philosophy (Emeritus) at Long Island University (USA) and the founding editor of the on-line journal, Contemporary Aesthetics. He is the author of numerous articles, as well as eight books and three edited volumes. Berleant’s work ranges over aesthetics, especially environmental aesthetics, the arts, ethics, and social philosophy. He has lectured widely, both nationally and internationally, and has been active in many professional organizations including the International Association of Aesthetics of which he is a founding member and Past President.
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider and compare different ways of using numbers to value aspects of nature-beyond-the-human through case analysis of ecological and natural capital accounting practices in the UK that create standardised numerical-economic values for beyond-human natures. In addition, to contrast underlying ontological and ethical assumptions of these arithmetical approaches in ecological accounting with those associated with Pythagorean nature-numbering practices and fractal geometry. In doing so, to draw out distinctions between arithmetical and geometrical ontologies of nature and their relevance for “valuing nature”. Design/methodology/approach – Close reading and review of policy texts and associated calculations in: UK natural capital accounts for “opening stock” inventories in 2007 and 2014; and in the experimental implementation of biodiversity offsetting (BDO) in land-use planning in England. Tracking the iterative calculations of biodiversity offset requirements in a specific planning case. Conceptual review, drawing on and contrasting different numbering practices being applied so as to generate numerical-economic values for natures-beyond-the-human. Findings – In the cases of ecological accounting practices analysed here, the natures thus numbered are valued and “accounted for” using arithmetical methodologies that create commensurability and facilitate appropriation of the values so created. Notions of non-monetary value, and associated practices, are marginalised. Instead of creating standardisation and clarity, however, the accounting practices considered here for natural capital accounts and BDO create nature-signalling numbers that are struggled over and contested.