• This study provides an overview of Tillich’s account of the sacraments in the third volume of his “Systematic Theology” and passes through his account of symbols to discern the way in which Tillich’s ontology is shaped by sacramental thinking. It prosecutes an avenue of critical engagement with Tillich concerned with the problem of the relation between – to use Hans Frei’s terms – “identity” and “presence” resident within Tillich’s system in general and his account of symbols in particular.