This course considers the archaeology and settlement history of the Mediterranean basin from the later ninth century B.C. to the middle of the fifth century B.C. in order to study, in a contextualized way, the interconnectedness of cultures and economies in this region. The interchange and exchange that occurred in the archaic Mediterranean world was formative – it shaped the trajectory of settlement and economy for well over a millennium. The study of material culture, language, settlement archaeology, alongside explanatory theory that aids in an understanding of cultural exchange will be central to the course. Students will gain familiarity with the fundamentals of Mediterranean archaeology while developing a firm grasp of the role played by settlements in the social and economic development of an interconnected region of the globe.