• During the rise of Italian immigration to the United States between 1870 and 1930, the sceneggiata, a musical theater genre popular in Naples, began its tenure in the theaters located within predominantly Italian neighborhoods of the United States. The sceneggiata revolved around specific Neapolitan songs and was one of the few types of entertainment available to Italian-American immigrants in their new homeland. . I propose that the elements of Italian immigrant identity found in sceneggiate allowed these works to serve as a means to showcase popular Neapolitan songs and to allow the immigrants to retain their culture and Italian identity in their new land while struggling to build new identities as Italian-Americans.