Associate Professor and Graduate Program Director in the Department of Theology/Religious Studies at the University of Scranton.

My current research focuses on ancient and modern Eastern Christian-Jewish relations, especially in the Holy Land. My other scholarly pursuits include the New Testament, especially the Gospel according to John, Paul’s Letters, and the Book of Revelation, the theology and literature of early Christianity, Orthodox Christian history and theology, Christianity in Arabic-speaking lands, and the effects that contemporary sociopolitical policies have on scholarly understandings of the ancient world.


Fordham University: Ph.D. in Theology-New Testament (2013)

St. Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary: M.A. in Theology (2005)



Exegeting the Jews: The Early Reception of the Johannine “Jews” (Bible in Ancient Christianity 10; Leiden: Brill), 2016.

Articles and Chapters

“The Role of Scripture in Jewish-Christian Dialogue: An Orthodox Perspective,” in The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in Orthodox Christianity (forthcoming).
“Theosis as Limitation: The Case of the Apocalypse and the Martyrs” Journal of Theological Studies (forthcoming).
“Israel: The People of God on Palm Sunday in the Orthodox Church,” in The Byzantine Liturgy and the Jews (forthcoming).
“Mission to the Jews (Greek and Latin Patristics and the Orthodox Churches),” in Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception (forthcoming).
“The Eastern Orthodox Tradition, Jews, and the Gospel of John,” in The Gospel of John and Jewish-Christian Relations (ed. Adele Reinhartz; Lanham, Md.: Lexington/Fortress, 2018), 21–46.
“The Law and the New Life in Romans 7:1–6: Eastern-Western Dialogue and Romans,” in Participation, Justification and Conversion: Eastern Orthodox Interpretation of Paul and the Debate between Old and New Perspectives on Paul (WUNT 442; ed. Athanasios Despotis; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2017), 247–76.
“Origen, Scripture, and the Imprecision of ‘Supersessionism,’” Journal of Theological Interpretation 10.2 (2016), 157–72.
“Stereotyping Exegesis: The Gospel of John and the ‘Jews’ in Ancient and Modern Commentary,” The Bible and Interpretation (September 2016).
“John Chrysostom and the Johannine ‘Jews,’” in The School of Antioch: Biblical Theology and the Church in Syria (ed. Vahan S. Hovhanessian; Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2015), 41–48.
“Prophetic Matrix and Theological Paradox: Jews and Judaism in the Holy Week and Pascha Observances of the Greek Orthodox Church,” Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations 10.1 (2015), 1–27. Romanian translation: “Matrice profetică şi paradox teologic: iudei şi iudaism în Săptămâna Mare şi în ritualurile pascale din Biserica Ortodoxă,” in Imnografia liturgică bizantină: Perspective critice (ed. Alexandru Ioniță; Cluj-Napoca, Romania: Presa Universitară Clujeană, 2019), 11–38.
“‘Bow Your Head Low to the Great; Rescue the Oppressed from the Oppressor’: Ben Sira and the Struggle with Elitism,” in Festschrift in Honor of Paul Nadim Tarazi 3: Studies in Intertestamental, Extra-Canonical, and Early Christian Literature (ed. Tom Dykstra; Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2015), 23–36.
“The Scriptural King,” St. Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 50.3 (2006), 255–75.



Society of Biblical Literature

Catholic Biblical Association

North American Patristics Society

Michael G. Azar

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