Marcus Bingenheimer deposited On the Use of Historical Social Network Analysis in the Study of Chinese Buddhism: The Case of Dao’an, Huiyuan, and Kumārajīva in the group Buddhist Studies on Humanities Commons 2 years, 1 month ago
This paper is part of a larger research project that attempts to apply historical social network
analysis to the study of Chinese Buddhist history. The underlying research questions are
whether social network analysis (SNA) metrics can be gainfully applied to Buddhist history,
and whether network visualizations can enable us to better understand historical
constellations and discover new patterns. Fundamental to this effort is a dataset of Buddhist
biographies and lineage data that has been growing steadily over the past thirteen years: the
Historical Social Network of Chinese Buddhism. The current dataset records interactions
between more than 17,500 actors in Chinese Buddhist history. It is openly available and, in
principle, all visualizations and metrics below are reproducible.
This paper focuses on a characteristic formation at the beginning of the main network
component, a “triangle” formed by the communities of Dao’an 道安 (314–385 CE), Huiyuan
慧遠 (334–416), and Kumārajīva (ca. 344–413). The first section interprets this joint
formation as a factor in the establishment of Mahāyāna Buddhism in China. The second
section explores how social network analysis can be used to identify hitherto neglected, but
still important, actors in Buddhist history.