• This paper will investigates some of the pre-existing Anglo-Dutch infrastructure on which the ‘Stranger’ communities of the middle of the sixteenth century could build, focusing on five people involved in the burgeoning printing industry and book trade: William Caxton, Jan van Doesborch, Jacob van Meeteren, Steven Mierdman and Nicolaes van den Berghe. The choice to focus on this one particular group of professionals is partly because they were, as has been noted by Lien Bich Luu, over-represented among the ‘Strangers’ of London, but also because as publishers they have unusually well-documented lives, as the usually scant documentary evidence is complemented by their output. Each had an Anglo-Dutch life which was defined as such by much more than being Dutch ‘Strangers’ in England, but as we shall see each did contribute significantly to the Anglo-Dutch infrastructure of London.