• ‘Narrative Theory’ is an online introduction to classical structuralist narratological analysis. The fourth section deals with the modes of narrative, “showing” and “telling”, as theorized by Henry James and other theorists of the dramatic aesthetics in narrative. Outline: 1. Two concepts of narrative distance. 2. The theory of the novel before James; Besant’s ‘Art of Fiction’; 3. James and the Art of the Novel; 4. The Novel as an Organic Unit; 5. Point of View; 6. The Revaluation of Narrative; 7. Distance: Conclusion.