Jessica A. Hutchins, Ph.D. deposited Tailoring Scientific Communications for Audience and Research Narrative on Humanities Commons 1 year, 6 months ago
For success in research careers, scientists must be able to communicate their research questions, findings, and significance to both expert and nonexpert audiences. Scientists commonly disseminate their research using specialized communication products such as research articles, grant proposals, poster presentations, and scientific talks. The style and content of these communication products differ from the language usage of the general public and can be difficult for nonexperts to follow and access. For this reason, it is important to tailor scientific communications to the intended audience in order to ensure that the communication product achieves its goals, especially when communicating with nonexpert audiences. This article presents a framework to increase access to research and science literacy. It addresses aspects of communication that scientists should consider when producing a scientific communication product: audience, purpose, format, and significance (research narrative). These factors are essential for understanding the communication scenario and goals, which provide guidance when tailoring research communications to different audiences.