• David Olmsted deposited Mediterranean and Alphabetic Akkadian Lexicon 2 nd Edition -February 2021 in the group Group logo of Writing SystemsWriting Systems on Humanities Commons 2 years, 8 months ago

    The existence of Akkadian in the Mediterranean is due to the commercial trade which developed during the Bronze Age. Such trade required a common written language in order to function. Translations of archaeological texts using the strict scholar’s standar d show that this first Mediterranean wide language was Akkadian before it was replaced by Greek and Latin. Due to differing writing materials, cuneiform Akkadian was used in Mesopotamia while a linear form was used in the Mediterranean. The alphabet developed out of the Minoan Akkadian writing tradition (Phaistos disk, Linear A) which began around 1800 BCE after their contact with Assyrian trading colonies in Anatolia. Consequently, this lexicon traces the history of the alphabet. This second edition is the result of completing 20 additional final translations which now provide a broad, if sparse, outline of Akkadian writing in the Mediterranean. These texts range from the Minoan Phaistos Disk and Linear A to texts formally labeled as Etruscan, Early Greek, Philistine, Phoenician, and Paleo-Hebrew. Most of the texts covered by this lexicon have not been translated before. Where earlier translations were attempted in either Hebrew or Greek, the translation papers show where those attempted translations are seriously flawed. When combined these texts also show that a common Pagan religious culture once existed between the Mediterranean and Mesopotamia with only minor variations between the different letter style groups. This common religious culture is traced back to its Mesolithic roots using archaeological finds.