• Dedicatory inscriptions on Middle Byzantine reliquaries convey important information, including the identity of the patrons, the provenance of the relics, and the purpose of the gift. I argue that the placement of the dedicatory inscription in relationship to the image and the contents of the reliquary provides a more nuanced message than that which is explicitly stated in the inscription itself. I present one object as a case study – a reliquary from the Protaton Monastery on Mount Athos that dates between the eleventh and twelfth centuries. I suggest that the inscribed text functions as iconography that is integrated into the reliquary’s visual programme.