Alexander Sembdner deposited Bischof Thilo und die Bürger – Zum Verhältnis von Episkopat und Bürgertum und den Möglichkeiten bischöflicher Städtepolitik in den Diözesen Merseburg und Naumburg am Ende des 15. und zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts on Humanities Commons 8 months, 1 week ago
The article deals with the relationship between Thilos von Trotha, Bishop of Merseburg (1466-1514) and the towns in his diocese in comparison to the diocese of Naumburg in the 15th and 16th centuries. First, the episcopal rule of the towns in the two high bishoprics is compared, especially the question of jurisdiction. Secondly, we ask how and in what way the bishops of Merseburg and Naumburg pursued urban development and economic policy. Thirdly, the use of the cities as places for financial and credit transactions is examined. Finally, the role of Thilos von Trotha as chancellor of the University of Leipzig, founded in 1409, is examined. Thilo von Trotha shows himself to be a typical representative of the late medieval episcopate. Politically limited in his scope of action by the hegemonic supremacy of the Wettin dynasty, he, like the Naumburg bishops, could not pursue an independent church policy, but was an instrument of the sovereign church regiment and the associated reform efforts. The bishops proved to be reserved and reactive in ecclesiastical matters of their diocese. At the same time, they were legally bound by electoral capitulations and increasingly differentiated transfers of authority to the cathedral chapter and city councils, to the extent that an episcopal “communal policy” was only possible by consensus and cooperation with these institutions, which actually dominated the bishop’s cities.