About

Andrée Sophie Peterburs, Hamburg

Projects

Linguistic Reconstruction of Proto-Indo-Uralic

Studies in Proto-Indo-European Language and Culture

Research on Khoesan Languages

– – – – –

Work

Proto-Indo-Uralic: The Common Origin of the Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Uralic Language

See deposit for more.

Excerpt:

The Common Origin of the Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Uralic Language

The Proto-Indo-European (PIE) and the Proto-Uralic (PU) share a series of common features which indicate a distant genetic relationship. Independently from this relationship there are also several loanwords which show that until recent times there have been contacts between the languages. The following list presents inherited words and 35 cognates:

PIE *h1nomn = PU *nime “name”.

PIE *mesg- “dip into water, to dive” = PU *mośki- “wash”.

PIE *wodr = PU *wete “water”.

PIE *pel- “flow” = PU *pulV- “flows gushingly”.

PIE *h2ekw- “water, river” = (?) PU *uŋa- (uncertain reconstruction) “stream, flow” (< *Vnk-, *HV(n)k- ?).

PIE *yeg- “ice” = PU (FU) *jäŋe “ice”, PU *jäkše “cool, become cold”.

PIE *h1ngw- “fire” = PU *äŋ- “burn”.

PIE *peh2ur (*peh2-) “fire” = PU *päwä- (vb.) “warm, heat, keep warm” (originally onomatopoeic: *pVw-/*pVh2- “blow hot air” ?), compare also PU *päxi-, *päji- “boil, cook”.

PIE *(s)koitros “bright, clear” (< *kei- “shine”?) = PU *kaja “sun”.

PIE *penkwe “five” = PU *piŋз “palm of the hand, handful”.

PIE *ḱomt- “hand” (*deḱmt < *de-ḱomt) “ten, two hands” = PU *käme- “palm of the hand”.

PIE *dnǵhu- “tongue” = PU *ńakćimi “gill, palate” (< *ńa(ŋ)k-).

PIE *(s)pei- “sharp” = PU *pije “flintstone”.

PIE *ḱes- “cut” = PU *kečз “knife”.

PIE *kes- “comb, scratch” = PU *keśV- “tear, peel”.

PIE *sek- “cut” = PU *ćäŋkV- “break, separate”.

PIE *h2el- “grow, nourish” = PU *älз “raise, nurse a child”.

PIE *h1es- “be” (derived from *h1es- “sit”!) = PU *aći- “stay, sit, dwell”.

PIE *bhel- “swell” = PU *paljV “many, dense, big”.

PIE *bhenǵh- “grow, increase” = PU *puŋka (*poŋka) “swollen/expanded object”.

PIE *menhx- “tread, stamp” = PU *mene- “go”.

PIE *ǵhengh- “go, step” = PU *kaŋ(k)з- “climb, ascend”.

PIE *h1ei- “go”, *h1eig- “move” = PU *j- “be in motion”, several verbs of motion with initial *j-: e.g. *jomV-, *jakka-, *juta- “go”, jVkV- “come”.

PIE *(s)neg- “crawl, sneak” = PU *ńiŋe “maggot, worm”.

PIE *kwel- “turn, move around” = PU *kVlV “tapeworm”.

PIE *deh3- “give” = PU *toɣi- “bring”.

PIE *seh2- “satisfy, fill up” = PU *saɣi- “achieve, reach”.

PIE *sek- “dry up” = PU *čoka- “become dry, sink (water level)”.

PIE *mer- “crush, pulverize” = PU *mura- “break”.

PIE *weǵ- “be awake, be strong” = PU *wäki “strength, power”.

Personal pronouns:

1st person: PIE *h1eme-, *-mi “me, I” = PU *minä “I”, *me “we”; 2nd person: PIE *te- “you” (sg.) = PU *tinä “you” (sg.), *te “you” (pl.); 3rd person sg.: PIE *so- = PU *sä-n, *-sä.

Demonstrative pronouns:

PIE *te-/*to- = PU *tä- “this, that”.

Interrogative pronouns:

PIE *kwos = PU *ku, *ko “who”.

See my deposit for more.

Projects

Linguistic Reconstruction of Proto-Indo-Uralic

Studies in Proto-Indo-European Language and Culture

Research on the History of Low German (Saxon)

Research on Khoesan Languages

Andree Peterburs

Profile picture of Andree Peterburs

@andreepeterburs

active 1 week, 1 day ago