• One could call «industrial musicology» the study of the musical life in factories and workshops. Unlike agrarian societies, there are very few works about industrial workers’ musical activity, neither at the Catalan Countries nor Europe. Ba- sed on British and Catalan scholars’ few theoretical works, our research Música po- pular i industrialització a Menorca, from which we present some conclusions in this paper, pretends to expand the working frames for future ethnomusicological research in this same field.