For all those interested in biblical archaeology.
This fragmentary text is a debate about the cause of a drought between a Phoenician magic crafter devoted to the motion power class of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm and an Israelite life priest devoted to the life-growth powers. Each side blames the drought on the ineffectiveness of the other. Because the stele fragments were used as fill for or in a…[Read more]
David Olmsted deposited Penptah (Tabnit) Sarcophagus Text from Sidon is a Phoenician / Israelite Debate over the Great Bronze Age Drought (1170 BCE) – Updated in the group Biblical archaeology on Humanities Commons 5 months, 2 weeks ago
This Phoenician letter style text dating to 1170 BCE was written in the empire language of Alphabetic Akkadian which was used by traders and temples for cross-cultural communication. Phoenician, like all other alphabetic writing, derives from the commercial Minoan writing tradition but is a separate letter style lineage apart from the lineages of…[Read more]
David Olmsted deposited Translation of el-Khadr Spearheads Found Near Bethlehem Show they were used in Rituals involving Yahu – 900 BCE in the group Biblical archaeology on Humanities Commons 5 months, 3 weeks ago
This paper translates the inscriptions found on five bronze spearheads found near the village of el-Khadr located 2 miles (5 km) west of Bethlehem. Their underlying language is Alphabetic Akkadian and not Hebrew. These spearheads were part of a cache of 26 found near Bethlehem which were first published by Frank Moore Cross in 1954 and 1980. Four…[Read more]
David Olmsted deposited Temple of Yahu in Ekron (720 BCE) revealed by Alphabetic Akkadian Translation of its Temple Plaque and Storage Jars in the group Biblical archaeology on Humanities Commons 5 months, 3 weeks ago
A plaque on the wall indicates that this temple in Ekron (Tel Miqne) was devoted to enabling the powers of Yahu. The word “Yahu” is mentioned twice along with the full moon god Su and the image opener goddess, Utu, who is the feminine complement to Yahu. Ekron at this time was ruled by Assyria having been rebuilt over an older destroyed Phi…[Read more]
David Olmsted deposited Three-Way Debate of the Jerusalem (Jehoash) Tablet in Alphabetic Akkadian Proves it is Authentic (980 BCE) in the group Biblical archaeology on Humanities Commons 5 months, 3 weeks ago
This tablet was declared a fraud my many because it could not be translated from Hebrew yet this paper proves the tablet is authentic because it can be translated from Alphabetic Akkadian, a script unknown when the tablet was discovered. This tablet was once stored in a treasury room in Jerusalem’s royal palace or first temple as evidenced by m…[Read more]
David Olmsted deposited Moabite Stele Translation in Alphabetic Akkadian Shows Early-Jewish / Phoenician Religious Debate Over a Drought (980 BCE) in the group Biblical archaeology on Humanities Commons 6 months ago
The Moabite Stele text is a line by line philosophical/religious debate. It was written in Alphabetic Akkadian which was the common trading language of the ancient Mediterranean as evidenced by a growing corpus of texts. The Moabite text is also the earliest archaeological linguistic evidence of Jewish (Judahite) culture yet discovered. This is…[Read more]
This early (northern) Israelite student teaching text blames the cause of the 840 BCE Elijah drought on the astrological powers of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm. It shows a Pagan Israel just prior to the Yawist revolution by referencing the gods Hu as the Healer, Su as the shepherd corresponding to the full moon, and the goddess Utu as the Opener of…[Read more]
Three previously untranslated Philistine (Sea Peoples) texts are translated in the empire language of Alphabetic Akkadian/Aramaic. Their script style is in the Minoan lineage which began with the Phaistos Disk and continued on with Linear A. Unlike those texts these texts are now fully alphabetic meaning their inner word signs are consonants…[Read more]
Christian Frevel deposited Rezension von Dieter Vieweger, Geschichte der Biblischen Welt (ausführliche Fassung mit Beispielen) in the group Biblical archaeology on Humanities Commons 11 months, 1 week ago
Vieweger, Dieter: Geschichte der Biblischen Welt. Die südliche Levante vom Beginn der Besiedlung bis zur römischen Zeit. Mit zahlreichen Zeichnungen von Ernst Brückelmann. 3 Bände im Schuber durchgängig vierfarbig mit zahlreichen Abbildungen gestaltet – Gütersloh: Gütersloher Verlagshaus 2019. 1240 S., geb. € 98,00 ISBN: 978-3-579-…[Read more]
in: R. Achenbach (Hg.), Persische Reichspolitik und lokale Heiligtümer. Beiträge einer Tagung des Exzellenzclusters «Religion und Politik in Vormoderne und Moderne» vom 24.–26. Februar 2016 in Münster (BZAR 25), Wiesbaden 2019, 209-255.
Christian Frevel deposited State Formation in the Southern Levant – The Case of the Arameans and the Role of Hazael’s Expansion in the group Biblical archaeology on Humanities Commons 1 year, 6 months ago
in: A. Berlejung/A.M. Maeir (Hg.), Research on Israel and Aram: Autonomy, Interdependence and Related Issues. Proceedings of the First Annual RIAB Center Conference, Leipzig, June 2016 (RIAB I) (ORA 34), Tübingen 2019, 347-372.
Ezekiel 37 is based upon Judean mortuary culture, and the revivification of bones is a reversal of death. Rather than a resurrection event, Ezekiel’s metaphor of Israel as a mass of dry bones is based upon the burial customs that occurred inside the family tomb.
A private seal impression with the Hebrew name “Ezer (son of) Haggai” discovered in the excavations at Tel Burna, Israel. The seal impression dates to the Iron II period and has parallels found at Gezer and Azekah.
The brief notice of Absalom’s pillar in 2 Sam 18:18 provides an important yet un-usual case of how memory is constructed in ancient Israel and the Hebrew Bible. Commemoration of the dead typically works from the perspective of the (living) descendent and is directed towards the (deceased) ancestor. Yet in this example Absalom commemorates h…[Read more]
Matthew Suriano deposited The Historicality of the King: An Exercise in Reading Royal Inscriptions from the Ancient Levant in the group Biblical archaeology on Humanities Commons 3 years, 5 months ago
The problem with using royal inscriptions as historical sources is their inherent bias. The interests of the king drive the narratives of royal inscriptions. Yet this essential feature reveals their underlying concept of history. In royal inscriptions, historical thought is defined by the life and experience of the king. This article will present…[Read more]
The Samaria Ostraca contain a subset of receipts that record wine shipments from what were evidently royal vineyards. But this particular group of ostraca has been largely overlooked in the study of the Northern Kingdom, probably resulting from the fact that not all of the ostraca were published in the editio princeps. This article presents a new…[Read more]
This dissertation proposes a social analysis of the Early Christian basilicas (4th-6th century) of Southern and Central Greece, predominantly those in the Late Roman province of Achaia. After an introduction which places the dissertation in the broader context of the study of Late Antique Greece, the second chapter argues that church construction…[Read more]
Argues that, reversing the trope of subjects visiting the magnificent, the Elohistic history has Yahweh interested in the simplest, flimsiest altars only, which he will visit when and where he is invited to do so. The implication rules out temple-altars and temples for their royal sponsorship.
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