Early medieval English language and literature
Dominik Waßenhoven deposited Vom Verraten und Beraten. Æthelred the Unready (978–1016) im Urteil seiner Zeitgenossen in the group Old English / Early Medieval England on Humanities Commons 1 month, 3 weeks ago
Was King Æthelred ‘the Unready’ seen as a failure by his contemporaries? The study looks at sources that were written during and immediately after Æthelred’s reign in order to see if the king was criticised or blamed for the misfortunes in the conflicts with the Danes. The most important authors to be considered are Ælfric of Eynsham and Archbish…[Read more]
Nelson Goering deposited Review of Mailhammer & Vennemann (2019): The Carthaginian North: Semitic Influence on Early Germanic: A Linguistic and Cultural Study in the group Old English / Early Medieval England on Humanities Commons 2 months, 4 weeks ago
Journal of Historical Linguistics, Volume 11, Issue 2, 357 – 366.
Kaluza’s law is a proposed restriction in the metre of Beowulf against the resolution of light-heavy sequences: words like cyning ‘king’ can only resolve and count as the equivalent of a single heavy syllable under more restricted circumstances than can words such as wudu ‘wood’. There has been debate about how to define these ‘restrict…[Read more]
Kaluza’s law is a proposed restriction in the metre of Beowulf against the resolution of light-heavy sequences: words like cyning ‘king’ can only resolve and count as the equivalent of a single heavy syllable under more restricted circumstances than can words such as wudu ‘wood’. There has been debate about how to deﬁne these ‘restricted…[Read more]
The Old English Forum announces these calls for papers for MLA 2022, 6–9 January in Washington, DC.
Session (1) Broken but Wondrous: Finding Hope in Old English Literature
Old English literature is rarely associated with hope – indeed, much of its poetry is littered with the ruins of lost peoples, frozen and desolate landscapes, meditations on…[Read more]
Review of A Comparative Grammar of the Early Germanic Languages by R. D. Fulk, 2018.
Line 1122 of Beowulf represents a problem where the findings of metrics, historical phonology, and the reading of the manuscript are in conflict with one another. I revive and adapt Tolkien’s proposal to emend lāðbite līċes līġ ealle forswealg to lāðbite līġes līċ eall forswealg “the cruel bite of fire swallowed up the entire bodies”. This…[Read more]
Nelson Goering deposited Old Saxon unmet, Genesis B 313b ungemet, and unmetrical scribal forms in Germanic alliterative verse in the group Old English / Early Medieval England on Humanities Commons 10 months, 3 weeks ago
The adverb ungemete, unigmetes in Beowulf and elsewhere in Old English verse creates significant metrical problems. I revive and expand the proposal of Fulk (1992) to read this as *unmet. This restoration receives support from metrics and from the comparison with Old Saxon unmet of the same meaning, and the alteration to ungemet(e), etc., in the…[Read more]
Eduard Sievers’ Altgermanische Metrik remains a foundational work for Germanic metrical research, even 125 years after its publication in 1893. His impact on the field may be roughly divided into three broad approaches: 1) the impulse for the typological categorization and labelling of verses; 2) the four-position principle as the basis for a…[Read more]
Thijs Porck deposited An Old English Love Poem, a Beowulf Summary and a Reference Letter from Eduard Sievers: G. J. P. J. Bolland (1854–1922) as an Aspiring Old Germanicist in the group Old English / Early Medieval England on Humanities Commons 1 year, 2 months ago
This article calls attention to documents relating to the early academic life of G. J. P. J. Bolland (1854–1922). During the late 1870s and early 1880s, Bolland was enthralled by the study of Old Germanic languages and Old English in particular. His endeavours soon caught the eye of Pieter Jacob Cosijn (1854–1922), Professor of Germanic Phi…[Read more]
This paper attempts to correlate Bede’s account of the British king Caedualla, to whom he attributed Edwin’s death, with the information provided by Historia Brittonum and the Harleian pedigrees. It is suggested, inter alia, that his identification with Cadwallon ap Cadfan may be in error.
This paper examines the career and reputation of perhaps the longest reigning Pictish king, Onuist son of Urguist, who was a contemporary of Offa of Mercia.
In the nineteenth century the Pictish kingdom of Fortriu and the site of
the Battle of Nechtansmere were located by scholars in Menteith and
Strathearn and at Dunnichen in Forfarshire respectively. These identifications
have largely gone unchallenged. The purpose of this article is to
review the evidence for these locations and to suggest that…[Read more]
It is often claimed that the mortuary traditions that appeared in lowland Britain in the fifth century AD are an expression of new forms of ethnic identity, based on the putative memorialisation of a ‘Germanic’ heritage. This article considers the empirical basis for this assertion and evaluates it in the light of previously proposed ethnic con…[Read more]
Thijs Porck deposited Reshaping the Germanic Economy of Honour: Gift Giving in J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings in the group Old English / Early Medieval England on Humanities Commons 1 year, 7 months ago
An article that contrasts the role of gift giving in Old English poems like Beowulf and The Battle of Maldon to Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings.
Eileen Joy deposited The Signs and Location of a Flight (or Return?) of Time: The Old English WONDERS OF THE EAST and the Gujarat Massacre in the group Old English / Early Medieval England on Humanities Commons 1 year, 10 months ago
In this essay, I examine two widely divergent instances of what I understand to be a compulsive and racialized-sexualized violence against women whose bodies have been figured as “foreign”/Eastern (and even, as animal and barbaric) threats within collective national bodies: the real case of a massacre in the modern state of Gujarat in southwestern…[Read more]
Eileen Joy deposited The Old English Seven Sleepers, Eros, and the Unincorporable Infinite of the Human Person in the group Old English / Early Medieval England on Humanities Commons 2 years, 4 months ago
Although the ultimate theme of “The Seven Sleepers” can be located in its medieval Christian doctrine—the bodily resurrection is real, and therefore it is in the afterworld where one finally, really “lives,” with shining body and soul together—I would like to argue that, in the Old English version’s emphasis on the highly individualized emotion…[Read more]
Through an analysis of Tony Kushner’s 2001 play “Homebody/Kabul” and the Old English “Ruin” poem, this essay explores the tension, anxiety, and isolation inherent in the aesthetic and philosophical enterprises of measuring the distance that separates myth from real being (a project that takes place, I would argue, against Levinas, not just o…[Read more]
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