• In War Time: Whittier's Civil War Address and The Quaker Periodical Press

    Author(s):
    Ean High (see profile)
    Date:
    2015
    Group(s):
    LLC 19th-Century American, TC Religion and Literature
    Subject(s):
    American history, American literature, Religion
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Whittier, American Civil War, Quakerism
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/M6H30T
    Abstract:
    Fought, at least in part, for a cause in which many Quakers ostensibly believed and had previously risked a great deal for, the American Civil War was a time of great trial for American Quakers. Extending ongoing efforts to understand this complex period, the following essay considers John G. Whittier’s mid-war poem, "In War Time," and the peculiarity of its simultaneous appearance in the major Hicksite, Gurneyite, and Wilburite periodicals of the nineteenth century. Consequent of the singularity of its shared printing, Whittier’s poem renders more legible the shared dilemma Friends faced when attempting to position their peace principles in ethical relation to the mass suffering of the war. Reflecting, while also contributing to, a major transformation in American Quakerism, "In War Time" questioned the ethics of dissociative pacifism, exhorting members of the Society to assist the Union war effort, if only in non-combatant roles, as nurses in hospitals and as teachers among the freedmen.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal Article
    Publisher:
    Quaker Studies Research Association
    Journal:
    Quaker Studies
    Volume:
    19
    Issue:
    2
    Start Page:
    229
    End Page:
    242
    Status:
    Published
    License:
    All Rights Reserved

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