• THE FLOW REGULATORY INFLUENCE OF FORESTS ON THE CATCHMENTS OF SMALL RIVERS OF UKRAINIAN BESKIDS

    Author(s):
    Oksana Y. Oshurkevych-Pankivska, Yuriy I. Pankivskyi
    Editor(s):
    Lawrence K Wang (see profile) , Mu-Hao Sung Wang
    Date:
    2022
    Group(s):
    Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
    Subject(s):
    Ukraine, Forests and forestry, Rivers
    Item Type:
    Book
    Tag(s):
    percentage of forest land of catchment, flood, snow-melt flood, forest flow regulating influence, water permeability of forest soils, flood flow irregularity index.
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/j4fz-z124
    Abstract:
    Oksana Y. Oshurkevych-Pankivska, and Yuriy I. Pankivskyi (2022). The Flow Regulatory Influence of Forests on The Catchments of Small Rivers of Ukrainian Beskids. In: "Environmental Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)", Lawrence K. Wang, Mu-Hao Sung Wang and Yuriy I. Pankivskyi (editors). Volume 2022, Number 11, November 2022, 190 pages, Lenox Institute Press, Massachusetts, USA. ISBN 978-0-9890870-3-2. https://doi.org/10.17613/j4fz-z124 .... ABSTRACT: Beskids are the part of the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains. The current work is devoted to quantitative estimation of the flow regulating role of Beskid forests and its’ change under anthropogenic load on the basis of analysis of forest-hydrological indices and experimental investigation. The following have been accomplished: (a) The method of the past forest exploitation on the Beskid catchments has been defined; (b) The forestry enterprises structural units positioning with regard to the boundaries of catchments of various orders have been analyzed; (c) The forest inventory characteristics on these river catchments have been studied; (d) The precipitation flow regulation depending on forest land percentage and area of the catchments and forest flow regulation influence on flood and snow melt flood discharge formation have been evaluated; (e) The final harvesting influence on the water-physical properties of soils and the flow redistribution has been determined; and (f) The functional dependence of the hydrological indices versus catchments’ characteristics with employment of mathematical modeling methods has been established. The results of estimation of the forest influence on flood and snow-melt flood discharges should be taken into account in design of the flood protection facilities and flow regulating reservoirs on the territory of Beskids.
    Notes:
    Key words: percentage of forest land of catchment, flood, snow-melt flood, forest flow regulating influence, water permeability of forest soils, flood flow irregularity index.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Book    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 months ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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