• MICROWAVE-ASSISTED ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR RAPID SOLIDS AND WATER CONTENT DETERMINATION

    Author(s):
    Lawrence K Wang (see profile) , Mu-Hao Sung Wang
    Editor(s):
    Yuriy I. Pankivskyi
    Date:
    2021
    Group(s):
    Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
    Subject(s):
    Microwaves, Water quality--Measurement, Solids, Water quality management, Water quality
    Item Type:
    Book chapter
    Tag(s):
    total solids, total suspended solids, total dissolved solids, water content, microwave method, STEM
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/3zzn-x963
    Abstract:
    Wang, MHS and Wang, LK (2021). Microwave-assisted analytical methods for rapid solids and water content determination. In: "Environmental Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)", Wang, LK, Wang, MHS, and Pankivskyi, YI (editors). Volume 2021, Number 11, November 2021; pp.31. Lenox Institute Press, Auburndale, Massachusetts,USA. ......ABSTRACT: The authors introduce the microwave-assisted methods as a stepping-stone of environmental research, hoping that (a) operators may use the microwave-assisted methods as the supplemental analytical methods for analyzing the TS, TSS, TDS, and water content under urgent situations and with a standard operating procedure (SOP) for the microwave oven to be used; (b) researchers may develop more similar microwave-assisted technologies for various environmental applications; (c) this microwave-assisted solids and water content methods may one day become a part of the Standard Methods; and (d) the laboratory equipment manufacturers are willing to produce high quality, programmable, and temperature controllable microwave facilities for environmental applications in the near future. Current Standard Methods are: (a) Method 2540B TS dried at 103-105 oC; (b) Method 2540C TDS dried at 180 oC; and Method 2540D TSS dried at 103-105 oC. The Standard Methods allows a material balance calculation among the three solids (TS = TSS + TDS) if two solids are known. The authors suggest that the testing temperatures for the three closely related solid tests, (TS, TSS, and TDS) be consistent, either all 103-105 oC, or all 180 oC, in order to avoid any errors.
    Notes:
    KEYWORDS: Innovation, Research Stepping Stone, Call for Research, Environmental Engineering, Pollution Control, Analysis, Microwave-assisted Methods, Water Quality, Sludge, Total Solids, Total Suspended Solids, Total Dissolved Solids, Water Content, Rapid Field Test Methods, Recommendations, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater.., Microwave-Convection Oven
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Book chapter    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    2 weeks ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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