• HAZARDOUS WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN PETROLEUM REFINING INDUSTRY USING BEST AVAILABLE FLOTATION AND FILTRATION TECHNOLOGIES

    Author(s):
    Lawrence K Wang (see profile) , Mu-Hao Sung Wang
    Editor(s):
    Hung-ping Tsao
    Date:
    2022
    Group(s):
    Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics (STEAM), Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
    Subject(s):
    Science--Study and teaching, Technology--Study and teaching
    Item Type:
    Book chapter
    Tag(s):
    petroleum refining industry, wastewater treatment, hazardous substances, dissolved air flotation, filtration, Science and technology studies (STS), Innovation
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/4c75-xf40
    Abstract:
    Wang, LK and Wang, MHS (2022). Hazardous wastewater treatment in petroleum refining industry using best available flotation and filtration technologies. In: “Evolutionary Progress in Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics (STEAM)”, Wang, LK and Tsao, HP (eds.), 4 (7G), STEAM-VOL4-NUM7G-JULY2022. ISBN 978-0-9890870-3-2. pp.75-136 pages. July 2022., Lenox Institute Press, Massachusetts, USA. ----------ABSTRACT: This publication introduces the interrelationships among the different processes and a specific effluent flow model for predicting current industrial flow on a refinery by refinery basis. The wastewaters generated by the industry are diverse and complex, representing a full range of hazardous organic and inorganic substances, such as volatile organics, semi-volatile organics, pesticides, cyanides, arsenic, and many heavy metals. Wastewater characteristics of refinery effluents from the oil-water separator are researched and compiled. Special emphasis is placed on the introduction of in-plant control technologies for reduction of wastewater volume and pollutant loading, preliminary treatment of sour water, primary treatment for oil-water separation and the best available end-of-pipe treatment processes, such as high rate dissolved air flotation (DAF) and flotation-filtration (DAFF), and many others. This publication also covers: (a) The effectiveness of treatment technologies for hazardous substances; (b) The concept and practice of zero discharge in the industry; (c) The method for determination of toxic substances effluent limitation; (d) The case histories involving the use of DAF and DAFF for waste treatment in the petroleum refining industry; (e) Recommendation of the Best Practicable Control Technology Currently Achievable (BPT) for developing countries; and (f) Recommendation of the Best Available Technology Economically Achievable (BAT) to all industrial countries.
    Notes:
    Keywords: Memoir, Petroleum Refining Industry, Effluent Flow Model, Hazardous Wastes, Wastewater Characteristics, In-Plant Control Technology, Wastewater Treatment, Zero Discharge, Effluent Limitation, Environmental Management, Case History, Dissolved Air Flotation, Supracell DAF, Sandfloat DAFF, Lenox Institute Of Water Technology, Krofta Engineering Corporation, Best Practicable Control Technology Currently Achievable (BPT), Best Available Technology Economically Achievable (BAT).
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Book chapter    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    7 months ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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