• From barbarism to decadence without the intervening civilization: or, living in the aftermath of anticipated futures

    Author(s):
    Regenia Gagnier (see profile)
    Date:
    2021
    Group(s):
    CLCS Global Anglophone, LLC Victorian and Early-20th-Century English, TC Ecocriticism and Environmental Humanities, TM Literary and Cultural Theory
    Subject(s):
    Memory and globalization, Nationalism, Women, Gender, Feminism
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    sex, Decadence, modernization
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/83fz-6p88
    Abstract:
    ABSTRACT The styles, moods, performances, and practices of decadence have been simultaneous with modernization, not least in the process of nation-building. This article considers the dialectics of decadence and modernization with particular attention to the roles and responses of women in the twentieth to twenty-first centuries. World-historically, this was the emergence of self-governing dominions of Anglophone cultures, increasing US influence, and decolonization. Eighty-five states gained independence since 1922, with the African nation-states after 1956. While nationalist projects often deferred the Woman Question, liberal projects of New Womanism initiated debate between feminist individualism and more collectivist practices and ideologies. Movements like social Darwinism and eugenics impacted on women, and in terms of deformed relations of part to whole (a classic definition of decadence), modernization included the great unification movements of the “Pans” – Pan-Hellenism, -Islamism, -Asianism, -Africanism, and Zionism – but also the partitions of India/Pakistan, Palestine/Israel, the PRC/Taiwan, Ireland, Korea, Vietnam, and Cyprus, which often impacted women unequally. Under processes of globalization and nation-building, modernization and expressions of decadence have been in dialectical relations, though the meanings and targets shift as hegemons rise and fall.
    Notes:
    This is a chapter in a special issue of Feminist Modernist Studies on Women and Global Decadence
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 months ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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