• Archeological Texts Show a Religious Conflict Component in the Naxos Island Revolt (499 to 494 BCE)

    Author(s):
    David Olmsted (see profile)
    Date:
    2021
    Group(s):
    Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean archaeology, Alphabetic Akkadian, Pagan Studies
    Subject(s):
    Akkadian, Magic, Ancient Greek history
    Item Type:
    Online publication
    Tag(s):
    naxos, cresent moon, drought
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/2jkw-f559
    Abstract:
    As revealed by later Greek records, the Naxos revolt was a socio-economic conflict between rural interests and commercial trading interests which led to the much larger Greek/Persian wars. While the socio-economic component is true, these three archaeological texts also show that the revolt was triggered by a drought and sustained by religious differences with trading interests devoted to the motion class of powers of the Ancient Pagan Paradigm and rural interests devoted to the life-growth powers represented by the crescent moon goddess Ayu (Greek: Athena, Artemis). This conflict parallels the earlier Israelite civil war triggered by the Elijah drought of 850 BCE but in that conflict the life-growth class was represented by Yahu (Yahweh) instead of Ayu. These texts reference emotion magic and deities Hu and Ayu. The language of these texts is Alphabetic Akkadian with the letter style being mostly mid-Etruscan (Sea People’s lineage) similar to that of the Etruscan Piacenza Liver (Olmsted Jan. 1, 2021). While personal Greek inscriptions were also starting to appear on funerary steles around this time, official religious texts in the Greek world continued to be written in Alphabetic Akkadian until about 440 BCE when rising Greek nationalism and military success against the Persian empire resulted in Greek replacing Akkadian as the empire language of the eastern Mediterranean.
    Metadata:
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 months ago
    License:
    Attribution-ShareAlike
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