• Bene Pareza: A new talmudic lexeme

    Author(s):
    Amit Gvaryahu (see profile)
    Date:
    2021
    Group(s):
    Late Antiquity, Textual Scholarship
    Subject(s):
    Criticism, Textual, Genizah, Persian language, Aramaic language
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Talmud, Midrash, and Rabbinics, Textual scholarship
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/ehwq-w697
    Abstract:
    The Persian lexeme pahrēz-, pahrēxtan (inf.), “to avoid, to abstain” and also “to care, to protect”, is found in Jewish, Christian, and Mandaic magical literature. It is also current in Mandaic works, and is found in some Geonic works in Jewish Babylonian Aramaic. It has not yet been found in the Babylonian Talmud itself. In this article I discuss a recently discovered occurrence of this word in a reconstructed codex of chapters of Babylonian Talmud, found in the Cairo Genizah (GM). I begin with a reading of the talmudic sugiya. I then discuss other uses of pahrēz in Jewish Babylonian Aramaic, in other dialects of Eastern Aramaic, and in Middle Persian. I end with a re-reading of the talmudic sugiya in GM in light of the meaning of pahrēz.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 years ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved

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