• Anthropomorphization in the context of human cooperation with intelligent machines

    Author(s):
    Benjamin Schiffer (see profile)
    Date:
    2020
    Subject(s):
    Artificial intelligence, Ethics, Technology--Philosophy, Robotics
    Item Type:
    Thesis
    Institution:
    Ludwig-Maximilian University Munich
    Tag(s):
    Anthropomorphism, anthropomorphization nudge, human-machine cooperation, humanization, Philosophy of technology
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/w5z0-zd96
    Abstract:
    Intelligent machines have a profound impact on individuals and society. We show how human-machine cooperation plays an important role in the transformation that is taking place and should therefore be a key focus of machine behaviour. In this context, we discuss algorithm aversion and the human reluctance to cooperate with (intelligent) machines. There is a transparency-efficiency trade-off regarding human-machine cooperation as misguiding humans into believing that their cooperation partner was human increases efficiency. We argue that the human tendency to anthropomorphize machines can be used to avoid the ethical difficulties that would arise from a lack of transparency. Influencing human interaction with a machine through humanoid features is the anthropomorphization nudge. We argue that machines should bear humanoid features only if there is a legitimate reason for this. The question when humanoid features are used should be made on a use-case basis. We finally present a study proposal to test the ability of humans to distinguish machines into different categories depending on whether they are endowed with humanoid features.
    Metadata:
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 years ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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