• “Sweetening the Heavy Georgian Tongue: Jāmī in the Georgian-Persianate World”

    Author(s):
    Rebecca Ruth Gould (see profile)
    Date:
    2018
    Group(s):
    Literary Translation, Poetics and Poetry, Renaissance / Early Modern Studies, Translation Studies
    Subject(s):
    Georgian literature, Early modern literature, Persian literature, World literature, Translation of poetry, Literary translation, Early modern culture, Caucasus
    Item Type:
    Book chapter
    Tag(s):
    safavid
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/M68P5V886
    Abstract:
    The poetry of Teimuraz I’s marks a turning point in Georgian literary history. From 1629–34, the poet-king of Kartli and Kaxetia (eastern Georgia) undertook to produce a Georgian equivalent to Niẓāmī Ganjevī’s famed quintet (khamsa) that stands as one of the major achievements of classical Persian literature. While Teimuraz I imitated the form of Niẓāmī’s khamsa, he adds new stories. This chapter explores Teimuraz I’s engagement with Jāmī and with the wider Persian tradition in order to gain a deeper understanding of translation and imitation in the early modern Persianate world. In conceiving of translation as a kind of appropriation, Teimuraz I’s engagement with the romances of Niẓāmī and Jāmī offers an alternative to the current understanding of translation as the wholesale reproduction of a syntactical unit. The forms of intertextuality cultivated by these premodern translation practices indicate the limitations of contemporary understandings of translation for tracking Yūsuf u Zulaykhā’s multilingual circulation across the Persianate world. Teimuraz I turned to Persian, I argue, less for the sake of the fictional patrons and beloveds he praises so elaborately, than for the sake of a literary future he brought into being by grafting his tale, composed in the inferior Georgian tongue, onto a more durable Persianate ethos. While attending to the constraints and possibilities that were opened up by Teimuraz I’s status as a vassal of multiple Ṣafavīd rulers, I also consider the variegated meanings wielded by translation, influence, and vernacular literary expression across the early modern Persianate world.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Book chapter    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    7 months ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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