• Former Ottomans in the ranks: pro-Entente military recruitment among Syrians in the Americas, 1916–18

    Author(s):
    Stacy Fahrenthold (see profile)
    Date:
    2016
    Group(s):
    History
    Subject(s):
    Immigration history, Middle East, Middle Eastern history, Ottoman Empire, Transnational history
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    lebanon, migration, syria, World War I
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/M6349V
    Abstract:
    For half a million ‘Syrian’ Ottoman subjects living outside the empire, the First World War initiated a massive political rift with Istanbul. Beginning in 1916, Syrian and Lebanese emigrants from both North and South America sought to enlist, recruit, and conscript immigrant men into the militaries of the Entente. Employing press items, correspondence, and memoirs written by émigré recruiters during the war, this article reconstructs the transnational networks that facilitated the voluntary enlistment of an estimated 10,000 Syrian emigrants into the armies of the Entente, particularly the United States Army after 1917. As Ottoman nationals, many Syrian recruits used this as a practical means of obtaining American citizenship and shedding their legal ties to Istanbul. Émigré recruiters folded their military service into broader goals for ‘Syrian’ and ‘Lebanese’ national liberation under the auspices of American political support.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 weeks ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved

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