• Cultural Heritage Information: Artefacts and Digitization Technologies

    Author(s):
    Melissa Terras (see profile)
    Date:
    2015
    Subject(s):
    Digital history, Digital humanities, Digital media, Library and information science, Library science
    Item Type:
    Book chapter
    Tag(s):
    #digitalculturalheritage, #digitisation, #digitization, digitaltechnologies
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/M6CJ5Z
    Abstract:
    Since the 1970s, the gallery, library, archive, and museum sector has promoted and encouraged digitization - the conversion of analog into digital information - to increase access to cultural heritage material through various incarnations of digital media. Indeed, it is now expected by both users and professionals that institutions should be undertaking digitization programs, and best practices in this area are now well documented and understood. This chapter scopes out the background to the current digitization environment, giving an overview of the methods and approaches involved. It points to current developments, highlighting the use of both two and three dimensional capture methods for the creation of digital surrogates of objects and artefacts, indicating the potential for further development in the sector, whilst drawing attention to current issues faced when digitizing objects and artefacts including cost, sustainability, impact evaluation, and expectation management in the changing information environment. The affordances of previously prohibitively expensive techniques – such as multi-spectral imaging and 3D scanning – are now available at relatively inexpensive rates, which also raises questions about digital literacy and our understanding of what it means, for both the end user and information professional, to create digital versions of our cultural inheritance.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Book chapter    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    1 month ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved

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