• Cultural Heritage Information: Artefacts and Digitization Technologies

    Melissa Terras (see profile)
    Digital humanities, Digital media, Library science, Information science
    Item Type:
    Book chapter
    #digitalculturalheritage, #digitisation, #digitization, digitaltechnologies, Digital history, Library and information science
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    Since the 1970s, the gallery, library, archive, and museum sector has promoted and encouraged digitization - the conversion of analog into digital information - to increase access to cultural heritage material through various incarnations of digital media. Indeed, it is now expected by both users and professionals that institutions should be undertaking digitization programs, and best practices in this area are now well documented and understood. This chapter scopes out the background to the current digitization environment, giving an overview of the methods and approaches involved. It points to current developments, highlighting the use of both two and three dimensional capture methods for the creation of digital surrogates of objects and artefacts, indicating the potential for further development in the sector, whilst drawing attention to current issues faced when digitizing objects and artefacts including cost, sustainability, impact evaluation, and expectation management in the changing information environment. The affordances of previously prohibitively expensive techniques – such as multi-spectral imaging and 3D scanning – are now available at relatively inexpensive rates, which also raises questions about digital literacy and our understanding of what it means, for both the end user and information professional, to create digital versions of our cultural inheritance.
    Published as:
    Book chapter    
    Last Updated:
    7 years ago
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