This article examines the ways that geohumanities approaches historical research aids in the study of environmental and urban history in one of the twentieth century’s fastest growing American urban centers. It explores how San Jose typified the challenges of Silicon Valley’s rapid urbanization and desire to chart a new form of industrialisation predicated on the ‘greenness’ of high-tech manufacturing and development. These issues are examined through a variety of mapping and GIS projects that seek to understand areas of cities threatened by natural hazards, to unveil the growth of cities over time, and how polluted areas introduced environmental hazards to social inequality. The article concludes that studies of urban areas cannot be separated from questions about the environment and its role in social justice, urban planning, and politics.
An independent researcher currently working close with Rural and Regional Planning Research Group, Institut Teknologi Bandung as an assistant. Also involved with Kolektif Agora, an urban studies community based in Bandung.
Nikos Pegioudis is an art historian. He has received his PhD from the Department of History of Art at University College London (UCL) in 2015 with a dissertation titled ‘Artists and Radicalism in Germany, 1890-1933: Reform, Politics and the Paradoxes of the Avant-Garde’. In 2017-2018 he obtained a DAAD fellowship for a postodoctoral research project at the Freie Universität Berlin which was titled ‘Cultural Transfer in Architecture and Urban Planning: German Architecture and the Making of the Architect’s Profession in Greece, 1930-1950’. He has written various articles on the history of art, design and architecture in peer-reviewed academic journals and volumes. His main research interests are in German and Greek visual culture, architecture, the sociology of the avant-garde, politics of artistic professions, artistic labor and economic precarity.
Hi! I’m interested in the history and study of oral history, foodways, and local traditions. I am also interested in urbanism, city planning, and policy.
Frans Ari Prasetyo (firstname.lastname@example.org) is an independent researcher and photographer. His interests are the evolution of urban politics, culture and sub-cultures, artists and underground activists, using a methodology that is strongly community-research based and relies on urban culture/planning, visual anthropology/ethnography. He join in Etnography Lab – University of Toronto
Débora Domingo-Calabuig graduated in architecture after studies in the School of Architecture of Valencia (Spain) and l’École d’Architecture de Paris-La Défense (France). With a specialized degree in Building Construction, she has practised architecture for many years, as an assistant architect, first and then founding her own office. During that time, her work has achieved critical recognition and has been published, both for its built projects and awarded competitions. In 2005 she obtained her doctorate at Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV). She joined the Department of Architectural Design at UPV as an assistant professor in 2000, where currently she is a full professor. She has taught design studio at all undergraduate and postgraduate year levels, also been responsible for seminars and specialized workshops. She supervises assiduously PhD research theses and other research dissertations. She is fluent in Spanish, Catalan, French, and English. She held the position of Assistant Director for Research from 2012 to 2016 and was Editor in Chief of the “VLC arquitectura” Research Journal its launch to 2018. She is also a Research Academy member of the European Association for Architectural Education. Dr Domingo-Calabuig research focuses on social consideration in architecture and urban planning design, particularly in West-European post-war contexts of the 60s and 70s and with regard to changes in higher education and new campus planning.
The development of the Portuguese entertainment market and the rise of several types of musical theatre are inextricably bound to the complex symbolic and material process through which Portugal was established, presented, developed, and commodified as a modern nation-state between 1865 and 1908. During this period, several fundamental transformations that merged urban planning, everyday life, and modernity took place in Lisbon. In this process, leisure activities began to include new forms of music theatre (such as operetta and the revue theatre) that became an important site for the display of modernity, representing and commodifying the nation. Despite its colonial possessions, Portugal was a peripheral European country where modernity developed in a specific way. The commodification of music associated with both music publishing and mechanical music fostered the creation of a transnational market for goods in a period when most of the trade was conducted with or within national economies. In this context, the Portuguese entertainment market reflected a particular form of negotiation between the local, the national and the global levels, in which gender, class, ethnicity, and technology intertwined with theatrical repertoires, street sounds and domestic music making.
The city of Gabii was one of the main centers of ancient Latium, yet very little of the settlement is known through archaeology. The site has been the focus of only sporadic exploration, and the available evidence for the urban history and development of the city is extremely fragmentary. New fieldwork has investigated the urban area with magnetometry and core sampling in preparation for a major campaign of new excavations. The results show that Gabii was orthogonally planned around a main, hitherto unknown thoroughfare and that significant structures and associated stratifications are relatively well preserved. The new work has the potential to yield much-needed information, not just about this important center but also about first-millennium B.C.E. urbanism in the Italian peninsula.
In the twenty-first century, the majority of people are living in cities—at least this is the credo communicated frequently. This statement has been strengthened by the “urban renaissance” that dawned at the beginning of the twenty-first century and by a globally evident increase in capital investment in urban-development projects. Such planning endeavors are conveyed to the public, the political sphere, and the media with the help of Internet platforms. The visualizations and descriptions found on such project websites are associated with promises of modernization, appeal, and economic growth—in short, with a better life. In this publication, images and texts from 12 projects planned for Europe, Africa, and Asia are surveyed critically: What do they “tell” about future life in these new urban districts? Who will live and work in these cities? Which forms of living and lifestyles are propagated? And most importantly: How do these designs relate to actual urban reality, including that of the inhabitants to whom the projects are addressed? Written in a comprehensible way, supplemented by illustrations and photographs, this in-depth analysis sensitizes the reader to the interconnections between urban-space production and societal (gender) relations.
Bruce O’Neill is an assistant professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology and in the Center for Intercultural Studies at Saint Louis Unviersity. His ethnographic research explores the social and spatial dimensions of urban inequality, particularly in Bucharest, Romania, where he has conducted fieldwork since 2006. Professor O’Neill’s first book, The Space of Boredom: Homelessness in the Slowing Global Order (Duke University Press, 2017) uses boredom as a window into the cultural politics of displacement from the global economy. His next book project, The Roots of Urbanism, is an ethnography of subterranean Bucharest. With support from the Wenner Gren Foundation, the fieldwork examines the way post-socialist urban life unfolds underground in Metro stations, basements, and cemeteries, for example. Professor O’Neill’s research appears in such journals as Public Culture (27:2), Cultural Anthropology (29:1), Environment and Planning D (28:2), and a special issue of Ethnography (13:4), which he co-edited.