DepositThe Content of Accounts and Registers in their Digital Edition

This article considers the use of semantic web technologies in the context of everyday historians. It deduces from theoretical considerations needs for the actual implementation of a digital edition. It explains some of the basic concepts of the semantic web more extensively than necessary for the digital humanities scholar already familiar with these technologies. I’ve argued elsewhere why a digital edition can be considered the best method to publish economic records as historical sources. It discusses first discusses the drawbacks of reducing digital edition of accounts and economic records to the encoding offered by the TEI. I will compare the text oriented approach of the TEI with other digital representations of accounts that are oriented primarily on the economic facts accounted. The second part of the article discusses the opportunities offered by the usage of semantic web technologies (RDF, RDFs/OWL, SKOS and SPARQL) to encode and expose the content layer of digital editions. I have described elsewhere in more detail my own proposal how a customized XML/TEI transcription can be transformed into a XML serialisation of RDF facts, and there are other projects interlacing RDF structures into TEI. This article focus on an introduction into the semantic web technologies as proposed by the W3C and discusses how they can be applied to historical accounts as a common data model, for the creation of controlled vocabularies, in exposing the content layer over the web, and for querying data aggregated from several sources. The final part of the article exemplifies the whole set of methods on data extracted from existing digital editions of late medieval accounts. The presented in this paper is part the MEDEA activities funded by DFG and NEH.

DepositDigital Prosopography for Renaissance Musicians: Discovery of Social and Professional Networks

As part of Web 2.0 (Semantic Web), there is a new technology called FOAF (Friend of a Friend), describing relationships between people. We will investigate the applicability of FOAF for describing relationships between musicians of the past, thereby establishing a new biographical tool. Musicians have complex relationships,particularly those between teachers and students and those within ensembles of various sizes. Visual artists may have similar teacher-student relationships, but typically do not create their work together. Dancers may perform together, but they are usually taught in groups. Similarly, athletes may compete in groups, but they do not usually perform in public with their coaches. For this project we will focus specifically on relationships among Renaissance musicians and how to extract the biographical and relational data automatically from existing documents using natural language processing technology, creating a model applicable to other time periods and disciplines.

DepositElectronic Literature Directory: Collaborative Knowledge Management for the Literary Humanities

In 1999, the Electronic Literature Organization developed a comprehensive directory of electronic literature that has guided readers to thousands of works of electronic literature and helped to develop an international humanities discipline. But as the nature and complexion of the field has changed and matured, the directory has become both technologically and conceptually outdated. A decade after the release of the first incarnation of the directory, the authors and scholars at the Electronic Literature Organization will rebuild the Electronic Literature Directory using an open source, collaborative knowledge management platform and Semantic Web-based tools. The completely reconstructed directory will make records of works of electronic literature more accessible to the public, a team of editors will develop a metatag vocabulary and revise descriptions of listed works, and the finished product will show works in the context of critical scholarship about electronic literature.

TopicLinked open data from MarineLives semantic media wiki for experimentation

The MarineLives project uses a semantic media wiki as its platform to view and transcribe manuscript images, to annotate transcribed pages, and to create semantic biographies. All semantic biographies contain geographical location data. For example, semantic biographies for the hamlet of Limehouse in the parish of Stepney in the county of Middlesex. RDF data are available for […]

DepositZur Materialität der historischen Quellen im Zeitalter der digitalen Edition

Preprint, to be published in: Historische Editionen im digitalen Zeitalter. Les éditions historiques à l’ère numérique : Bestandesaufnahme und Ausblick. État des lieux et perspectives, hg. v. Pascale Sutter u. Sacha Zala, Basel (Schwabe) The essay discusses the consequence of digital methods in scholarly editing of historical sources. It comes to the following conclusions: Documents cannot be studied without taking the material features into account. Digital methods enable the editors to document those features relevant for the critical analysis of the source. The physical text bearing document is unique. It can never be reproduced but only referenced. Images, verbal descriptions, transcription and even more sophisticated reproduction techniques are only selective. In the digital edition the International Resource Identifier (IRI) of the semantic web is the best way to represent the original. Verbal descriptions have their own right against digital images and analysis methods of material science. Images are the cheapest way of editing, as they convey much information although not accessible for people lacking the necessary palaeographical skills. But computers can extract information from images too. Verbal description needs controlled vocabularies to create machine readable versions of the human readable editions.

DepositPurpose and Purpose-Built: Considering Multi-Purposality in Developing a Linked Historical Gazetteer of London.

English Renaissance Theatre is generally dated between 1576-1642: circumscribed by the construction of the Theatre in 1576 and the closing of the public playhouses by Act of Parliament in 1642. ‘Found’ London performance locations in taverns, churches, legal and professional buildings, aristocratic houses, not to mention the streets and waterways in the city – suggest amateurish or provincial performance styles that are somehow less important without those purpose-built theatres. Many theatre historians, including David Bevington, Janelle Jenstad, Sally-Beth MacLean, Scott McMillin, and Alan Nelson, have demonstrated the importance of London performance beyond the purpose-built playhouse, proving that theatre-going for 16th and 17th century Londoners was rooted to the topography of London itself and not consigned to a few amphitheatres in adjacent liberties. The work being done by the REED London team, digitally amplifying the research produced in print by the Records of Early English Drama, re-avers that audiences expected to witness professional entertainments in interior and exterior spaces throughout the city, and that these spaces were appropriated for performance at the same time that they were in use for their defined purposes: The Bell Inn Yard on Gracious Street, Merchant Taylors’ Hall in Cornhill, Temple Bar, the Tiltyard at Whitehall, even the Thames itself were all regularly used for performances but are not so well known for this as for their more primary functions. As we in REED London compile our place entities in anticipation of sharing our gazetteer with other projects engaged in the study of historical London, we find ourselves confronted with this multi-purposality. We see this type of platial complexity as important to the development of materials to be connected to the semantic web. In this poster we will put forward a model for how such qualitative information can be integrated into the process of publishing historical place entities.