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DepositThe Content of Accounts and Registers in their Digital Edition

This article considers the use of semantic web technologies in the context of everyday historians. It deduces from theoretical considerations needs for the actual implementation of a digital edition. It explains some of the basic concepts of the semantic web more extensively than necessary for the digital humanities scholar already familiar with these technologies. I’ve argued elsewhere why a digital edition can be considered the best method to publish economic records as historical sources. It discusses first discusses the drawbacks of reducing digital edition of accounts and economic records to the encoding offered by the TEI. I will compare the text oriented approach of the TEI with other digital representations of accounts that are oriented primarily on the economic facts accounted. The second part of the article discusses the opportunities offered by the usage of semantic web technologies (RDF, RDFs/OWL, SKOS and SPARQL) to encode and expose the content layer of digital editions. I have described elsewhere in more detail my own proposal how a customized XML/TEI transcription can be transformed into a XML serialisation of RDF facts, and there are other projects interlacing RDF structures into TEI. This article focus on an introduction into the semantic web technologies as proposed by the W3C and discusses how they can be applied to historical accounts as a common data model, for the creation of controlled vocabularies, in exposing the content layer over the web, and for querying data aggregated from several sources. The final part of the article exemplifies the whole set of methods on data extracted from existing digital editions of late medieval accounts. The presented in this paper is part the MEDEA activities funded by DFG and NEH.

DepositDigital Prosopography for Renaissance Musicians: Discovery of Social and Professional Networks

As part of Web 2.0 (Semantic Web), there is a new technology called FOAF (Friend of a Friend), describing relationships between people. We will investigate the applicability of FOAF for describing relationships between musicians of the past, thereby establishing a new biographical tool. Musicians have complex relationships,particularly those between teachers and students and those within ensembles of various sizes. Visual artists may have similar teacher-student relationships, but typically do not create their work together. Dancers may perform together, but they are usually taught in groups. Similarly, athletes may compete in groups, but they do not usually perform in public with their coaches. For this project we will focus specifically on relationships among Renaissance musicians and how to extract the biographical and relational data automatically from existing documents using natural language processing technology, creating a model applicable to other time periods and disciplines.

DepositElectronic Literature Directory: Collaborative Knowledge Management for the Literary Humanities

In 1999, the Electronic Literature Organization developed a comprehensive directory of electronic literature that has guided readers to thousands of works of electronic literature and helped to develop an international humanities discipline. But as the nature and complexion of the field has changed and matured, the directory has become both technologically and conceptually outdated. A decade after the release of the first incarnation of the directory, the authors and scholars at the Electronic Literature Organization will rebuild the Electronic Literature Directory using an open source, collaborative knowledge management platform and Semantic Web-based tools. The completely reconstructed directory will make records of works of electronic literature more accessible to the public, a team of editors will develop a metatag vocabulary and revise descriptions of listed works, and the finished product will show works in the context of critical scholarship about electronic literature.

TopicLinked open data from MarineLives semantic media wiki for experimentation

The MarineLives project uses a semantic media wiki as its platform to view and transcribe manuscript images, to annotate transcribed pages, and to create semantic biographies. All semantic biographies contain geographical location data. For example, semantic biographies for the hamlet of Limehouse in the parish of Stepney in the county of Middlesex. RDF data are available for […]

DepositZur Materialität der historischen Quellen im Zeitalter der digitalen Edition

Preprint, to be published in: Historische Editionen im digitalen Zeitalter. Les éditions historiques à l’ère numérique : Bestandesaufnahme und Ausblick. État des lieux et perspectives, hg. v. Pascale Sutter u. Sacha Zala, Basel (Schwabe) The essay discusses the consequence of digital methods in scholarly editing of historical sources. It comes to the following conclusions: Documents cannot be studied without taking the material features into account. Digital methods enable the editors to document those features relevant for the critical analysis of the source. The physical text bearing document is unique. It can never be reproduced but only referenced. Images, verbal descriptions, transcription and even more sophisticated reproduction techniques are only selective. In the digital edition the International Resource Identifier (IRI) of the semantic web is the best way to represent the original. Verbal descriptions have their own right against digital images and analysis methods of material science. Images are the cheapest way of editing, as they convey much information although not accessible for people lacking the necessary palaeographical skills. But computers can extract information from images too. Verbal description needs controlled vocabularies to create machine readable versions of the human readable editions.

DepositREED London Online: A Year in the Making

In late 2017 Diane Jakacki was awarded a Mellon/NHPRC Planning Grant for a Records of Early English Drama (REED) Project, focussing on three collections of records from London, England, covering the years 1400-1558. Throughout 2018, the REED London Team has been testing the boundaries of production within the Canadian Writing Research Collaboratory (CWRC)’s digital publishing environment. Working collaboratively with a team that spans the US, the UK, and Canada, we have paved the way for a digital edition of one of the three collections – the Inns of Court Records. This paper will outline the challenges of doing digital scholarly production at a distance, and will highlight attempts to take advantage of CWRC’s infrastructure to support the entire process: from marking up records using the TEI, to the creation of entity lists and relationships between them, resulting in data formatted in the Resource Description Framework (RDF), the language of the semantic web. In addition to outlining the process required for implementing our framework for the creation of digital editions, we will showcase our records as displayed in CWRC’s Dynamic Table of Contexts. This web-based reading environment allows users to customize their selected records with tags and annotations, and helped the REED London team to conceive of ways that different audiences for our records (Shakespearean scholars or economic historians, for example) might explore our digital collections. We will showcase two sets of records, one of correspondence regarding events at court and the other accounts of payments for masque materials, to demonstrate how different scholars might draw upon the rich history in these records.