DepositRecovery and Loss: (Multispectral) Imaging and Image Rights

Single author works do not properly represent the multifaceted collaboration that goes into a digital humanities project. At the Lazarus Project, a multispectral imaging initiative based out of the University of Rochester, we are experimenting with new modes of collaborative publishing. Furthermore, as a multispectral imaging project, we recover damaged, faded or otherwise illegible texts. As we move damaged manuscripts into the digital realm and process images, the Lazarus Project must address issues of image rights, digital work and intellectual property. This paper examines questions of the collaborative work that underlies digital humanities projects focusing on issues of ownership and credit in newly recovered textual material.

DepositData Sustainability and Advanced Metadata Management for Scientific Imaging in the Humanities

This project will provide enhanced data sustainability, along with metadata and knowledge management, for computational photography (CP) software tools. CP technologies are based on the algorithmic extraction of information from multiple photographs, a process that generates new information not found in any of the original photos. The project will be based on not yet deployed prior work, providing metadata harvesting and knowledge management tools for Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) and Algorithmic Rendering (AR), which are undergoing rapid adoption by humanities practitioners. The project will evaluate and update these tools, exploring practical methods of organizing this data for archival ingest and reuse on site at the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum and the Institute of Classical Archaeology at the University of Texas at Austin. The project will study extending the management tools to other CP technologies, such as Structure from Motion photogrammetry and multispectral imaging.

DepositGreek Literature, the Digital Humanities, and the Shifting Technologies of Reading

Contrary perhaps to expectation, Classical studies is at the vanguard of the latest technological developments for using digital tools and computational techniques in research. This article outlines its pioneering adoption of digital tools and methods, and investigates how the digital medium is helping to transform the study of Greek and Latin literature. It discusses the processes and consequences of digitization, explaining how technologies like multispectral imaging are increasing the textual corpus, while examining how annotation, engagement, and reuse are changing the way we think about “the text”. It also considers how the digital turn is reinvigorating textual analysis, by exploring the broader ecosystem, within which the digital text can now be studied, and which provides enriched contexts for understanding that are constantly shifting and expanding. Classical literature in the digital age has the potential to both challenge dominant modes of thinking about antiquity and disrupt traditional ways of doing research

DepositNew environmental and spatial approach to Tiwanaku World Heritage site (Bolivia) using remote sensing (UAV and satellite images)

This paper analyses the research carried out in the Tiwanaku World Heritage site in Bolivia, using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and satellite images. The combined use of images with different scales has made it possible to locate many archaeological structures unknown to date (drainage systems, walls, circular crop marks and a possible dock). The Sentinel-2 images, which were processed using principal components analysis and histogram equalization, show the river beds, flood-prone areas and several buried drainage channels surrounding the most important structures. The archaeological evidence obtained with the DTM and natural colour / multispectral images enables us to contrast a new dimension of land and water uses that goes beyond what was known to date. In the same way, these images enable us to understand in detail the environmental characteristics, land use, building distribution and flood defence structures of the Tiwanaku culture throughout its history, within the context of the environmental conditions of the Bolivian altiplano. This investigation allowed collection of new information and posed questions on the relationship of this site with water, as well as a better understanding of the extent and habitat features of this historical population.

MemberAlberto Campagnolo

…n of manuscripts 15: proceedings of the fifteenth international seminar held at the University of Copenhagen, 2nd-4th April 2014, Copenhagen, Museum Tusculanum Press; University of Copenhagen and the Royal Library of Denmark, pp. 79-88.
Campagnolo, A., Giacometti, A., MacDonald, L., Mahony, S., Robson, S., Weyrich, T., Terras, M. and Gibson, A. (2016) ‘Cultural Heritage Destruction: Experiments with parchment and multispectral imaging’, In Bodard, G. and Romanello, M. (eds.), Digital Classics Outside the Echo-Chamber, London, Ubiquity press, pp. 121-146.
Giacometti, A., Campagnolo, A., MacDonald, L., Mahony, S., Robson, S., Weyrich, T., Terras, M. and Gibson, A. (2016) ‘Visualising macroscopic deterioration of parchment and writing via multispectral images’. In Care and conservation of manuscripts 15: proceedings of th…

Alberto Campagnolo trained as a book conservator (in Spoleto, Italy) and has worked in that capacity in various institutions, e.g. London Metropolitan Archives, St. Catherine’s Monastery (Egypt), and the Vatican Library. He studied Conservation of Library Materials at Ca’ Foscari University Venice, and holds an MA in Digital Culture and Technology from King’s College London. He pursued a PhD on an automated visualization of historical bookbinding structures at the Ligatus Research Centre (University of the Arts, London). He was a CLIR Postdoctoral Fellow (2016-2018) in Data Curation for Medieval Studies at the Library of Congress (Washington, DC). Alberto, in collaboration with Dot Porter (SIMS, UPenn Libraries, Philadelphia, PA), has been involved from the onset in the development of VisColl, a model and tool for the recording and visualization of the gathering structure of books in codex format. Alberto has served on the Digital Medievalist board since 2014, first as Deputy Director, and as Director since 2015, and has been in the Editorial Board of the Journal of Paper Conservation since 2016.

MemberNora Benedict

…9. (Forthcoming)

“Books about Books and Books as Material Artifacts: Metabibliography in Jorge Luis Borges’s El jardín de senderos que se bifurcan (1941).” Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispánicos 42.3 (2019): 451-72.

“Censorship and Political Allegory in Jorge Luis Borges’s ‘Viejo hábito argentino’.” Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 96.1 (2019): 89-107.

“Digital Approaches to the Archive: Multispectral Imaging and the Recovery of Borges’s Writing Process in ‘El muerto’ and ‘La casa de Asterión’.” Variaciones Borges 45 (2018): 153-169.

“La novela negra en Jorge Luis Borges: una aproximación nueva a ‘El muerto’.” Variaciones Borges 39 (2015): 143-158.

“Los golpes del escoplo: el arte de grabar como metáfora en La desheredada.” Decimonónica 11.2 (2014): 1-18.


My research focuses on modern and contemporary Latin American literature, descriptive bibliography, book history, and questions of access and maintenance surrounding both digital and print cultures.

DepositImage to XML (img2xml)

The img2xml (“image to XML”) project plans to develop a 100% Open Source set of components for the linking and display of manuscript images, transcriptions and annotations. The linking will be based on a Scaleable Vector Graphics (SVG) tracing of the text in the manuscript image, which will then be analyzed and displayed via a web browser interface using tools developed for web-based map viewing. This means that links can be made to and from a graphical representation of the actual text on the page rather than a box drawn around it. The proposed approach will enable linking between text and image in a more fine-grained way than any annotation tool currently in existence. This work represents a fundamentally different way of connecting manuscript images with transcriptions and annotations.