DepositSystems and Other Minimalism in Britain

This collection of essays represents the first international survey of minimalism and postminimalist music from a wide variety of analytical and historical perspectives; its authors include the central scholars in this area. This chapter is the first comprehensive study of the wide variety of minimalist styles in Britain, from the sparse, ‘minimal minimalist’ One Note 1966 by Christopher Hobbs, to repetitive and durational processes that were at first developed experimentally, using random processes (John White’s Machine music) to numerical systems processes, derived from the work of the British Systems Art group. Although there are close ties between the British and American movements (perhaps strengthened by a shared language), the British movement is distinguished by its ties to British systems and op art, and to literature, as well as to the British folk practice of change-ringing. However, the most consistent trait in this music is a sense of play, and playfulness.

DepositMinimal pronouns, logophoricity and long-distance reflexivisation in Avar

This paper discusses two morphologically related anaphoric pronouns in Avar (Avar-Andic, Nakh-Daghestanian) and proposes that one of them should be treated as a minimal pronoun that receives its interpretation from a λ-operator situated on a phasal head whereas the other is a logophoric pronoun denoting the author of the reported event.

DepositBashar H. Malkawi, Trade Facilitation in USMCA: De Minimis Importation

The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) includes several provisions concerning trade facilitation such as advance ruling, duty drawback, use of information technology, post clearance audit, and single window.One important aspect of USMCA is the inclusion of de minimis threshold for imports. De minimis is a valuation ceiling for goods below which no duty or tax is charged and clearance procedures, including data requirements, are minimal.

Deposit“From Minimalist Representation to Excessive Interpretation: Contextualizing 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days.”

The article examines the Romanian and American reception of Cristian Mungiu’s 4 weeks, 3 months, 2 weeks (2007), arguing that the film’s representational minimalism indirectly caused an excess of interpretation across cultural contexts. This overinterpretation was possible because the film’s aesthetic minimalism encouraged viewers to decode the story through the lens of their own cultural and political predispositions. The historical and social background against which American viewers consumed this story of an illegal abortion during communism shaped its meaning (and perceptions about its political relevance), plugging a rather obscure art-house Romanian film into the larger national debate over reproductive rights in contemporary United States. Thus, in its transition from the domestic to global marketplace, 432 was transformed from an act of amoral probing of the Romanian individual and collective memory about communism into a film about the controversial nature of particular individual choices, within the liberal capitalist paradigm.

MemberAlexander Gil

Alex Gil is Digital Scholarship Librarian at Columbia University Libraries. He collaborates with faculty, students and library professionals leveraging computational and network technologies in humanities research, pedagogy and scholarly communications. He curates the Studio@Butler at Columbia University, a tech-light library innovation space focused on digital scholarship and pedagogy; he is founder and faculty moderator of Columbia’s Group for Experimental Methods in the Humanities, a vibrant trans-disciplinary research cluster focused on experimental humanities; senior editor of sx archipelagos, a journal of Caribbean Digital Studies, and co-wrangler of The Caribbean Digital conference series. Current projects include Ed, a digital platform for minimal editions of literary texts; Aimé Césaire and The Broken Record, a minimal computing experiment in long-form digital scholarship; and, In The Same Boats, a visualization of trans-Atlantic intersections of black intellectuals in the 20th century.

MemberMichael Palmese

Michael Palmese earned his PhD in musicology at Louisiana State University with a minor in comparative literature. His primary research interests encompass music and art from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, particularly minimalism and postminimalism. In addition, Michael is interested in Samuel Beckett, politics and music, modernism, Arnold Schoenberg, and aesthetics of the Viennese fin de siècle.

MemberAndrew Granade

Andrew Granade is Professor of Musicology and Associate Dean of Graduate Studies at the University of Missouri – Kansas City Conservatory of Music and Dance. His research focuses on the American Experimental Tradition, particularly the composer and instrument builder Harry Partch, and he is the author of Harry Partch, Hobo Composer. He also has an active interest in music history pedagogy, the relationship of music and media, and musical minimalism.