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DepositChaplain Identity

Because the profession of chaplaincy has significant challenges in balancing ones spiritual life while providing spiritual resiliency to ones Soldiers, a chaplain must have an identity that is God centered, self-knowing and Soldier focused. In our stressful military world, we are often pushed and pulled in different ways. At times these ways can be contradictory to previous instructions or require clarification and negotiation to sort them out. It’s fair to suggest that it can be demanding and even frustrating at times. Our identity grounds us in times like these but also tells us who and what we are.

DepositUrbanism and Identity at Classical Morgantina

The site of Morgantina, located on a ridge in the rolling landscape of east-central Sicily about 60 km from the Ionian Sea coast, has been the locus of continuous archaeological investigation since 1955 (fig. 1).1 The ridge controlled the western end of the fertile Plain of Catania and stands above the source of the Gornalunga River. Farther west, behind the inhabited zone, the land rises toward the Heraian Hills, which form a protective barrier. Between approximately 1000 BC and AD 50, two distinct settlements—both apparently called Morgantina in antiquity—existed on the ridge: an earlier village on the hill at the northeastern end, known today as Cittadella, and a later one on the neighboring plateau, called Serra Orlando, to the southwest (fig. 2). Research carried out at the site has revealed a great deal of information about both towns. The history and preserved material culture of Morgantina specifically (and of Sicily generally) allow for a detailed examination of the transition from Cittadella to Serra Orlando, as well as of the identities and lifeways of the people who settled in those towns during the archaic and classical periods (roughly 600–400 BC). Evidence that will be applied to these issues will include contemporary and later ancient historical accounts, the urban plans of the two towns, and the artifacts—especially pottery—uncovered by archaeologists at Morgantina. Most significantly, this evidence reveals the great extent of indigenous presence in the settlement of the town at Serra Orlando, and perhaps even their participation in the town’s foundation, a fact all the more striking for the historical context in which it occurred.

DepositFundamental Hope and Practical Identity

This article considers the question ‘What makes hope rational?’ We take Adrienne Martin’s recent incorporation analysis of hope as representative of a tradition that views the rationality of hope as a matter of instrumental reasons. Against this tradition, we argue that an important subset of hope, ‘fundamental hope’, is not governed by instrumental rationality. Rather, people have reason to endorse or reject such hope in virtue of the contribution of the relevant attitudes to the integrity of their practical identity, which makes the relevant hope not instrumentally but intrinsically valuable. This argument also allows for a new analysis of the reasons people have to abandon hope and for a better understanding of non-fundamental, ‘prosaic’ hopes.

DepositIdentity and Ideology in Sakura Katakana Shimbun

This thesis focuses on Sakura Katakana Shimbun, a children’s newspaper published in Singapore during the Japanese Occupation, as an example of Japanese imperial propaganda targeted specifically at children. In Japan, child-oriented propaganda was widespread in the form of kamishibai paper plays, but in occupied Southeast Asia, Sakura is perhaps the only such specimen. In examining the discontinuities between the first and second halves of Sakura’s publication run, this thesis aims to shed light on the roles and ideologies of Japanese propagandists in wartime Singapore. In addition, it considers how local children’s identities were imagined, constructed, and manipulated by the authors of Sakura to various ends. When the 25th Army captured Singapore, they sought to Japanise it not only by making formal changes to its systems, institutions, and name but also by transforming the minds of its people. For military leaders and conscripted literati, this meant implementing a strong Japanese language policy. Sakura was one such tool used to educate the local children in both Japanese language and cultural knowledge. The use of music and visually attractive illustrations in Sakura created a pleasant aesthetic and made it a relatively successful example of Barak Kushner’s definition of effective propaganda. However, as Japan’s success in the war began to falter, a strategy of manipulating children’s subjectivities emerged in the second half of Sakura, with propagandists attempting to instil in local children a sense of collective will. They started to encourage a pan-Asian identification, with more content catered specifically to the local context as compared to previous efforts. They also began to view local children, especially Malay boys, as potentially useful future soldiers. However, more blatant applications of propaganda slogans and imperialist ideology may have made the second half less effective overall.

DepositThe Landmark on Film: Representations of Place and Identity

This paper examines two documentary essays focusing on landmark architecture in the transnational Øresund region comprising Copenhagen and Malmö. I argue that the motif of construction and deconstruction is congruous to our understanding of the ways identities are negotiated vis-à-vis spatial experience. In the lms, the multiple trajectories of characters of diverse nationalities and cultures are woven into the (de)construction of the landmark structures, producing a visual space that interrogates what ‘identity’ means in an increasingly networked and global world.

DepositVocal accent and identity in Scandinavian metal

Vocal accent in musical performance may carry more information than what is apparent at a first look. This idea becomes more significant in a popular music realm, where globalization is pronounced, thus making the dichotomy of individuality and belonging desires obscured compared to a realm where locality dominates the form of expression. This essay comments on the possible problems that may arise from taking the vocal accent as the focus of ethnomusicological analysis, as well as provides theories and examples of identity construction in different popular musics. While analysing the song ‘This Barren Skin’ by the Norwegian funeral doom metal band Funeral (2006) from a vocal accent perspective, it also provides an argument about how this vocal accent may be used to construct a band’s identity, and –more importantly- differentiate this national identity from others that are present in a similar or the same music scene. In arguing this point, identity construction theories that are already present in different popular music genres are employed with examples of the relationship between language use, vocal accents, and national identities in these genres. An online ethnographic study concerning the analysed song follows these examples in order to supply the argument that language use and vocal accent is a significant differentiator in this and ‘neighbouring’ music scenes using online communication boards, online music videos, and online album reviews.