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DepositNetworking the Early Stuart Diplomatic Service: An Introduction

The project I would like to introduce focuses on a prosopography of the early Stuart diplomatic service (1603-1649) and networks among its members. It aims to gather, structure, analyze, and visualize biographical data associated with early Stuart diplomatic representatives. Discovering the patterns and connections in this data can help answer questions related to the increasing professionalization of the diplomatic service, among others. Learning more about factors such as the diplomats’ educational preparation, social status and mobility, career paths, and religious and political networks can provide a fuller and more nuanced understanding of the service’s evolution as an institution, as well as its role in operationalizing English foreign policy in this key period leading up to the Civil War and Interregnum. The project data are drawn from heterogeneous sources. One of the project’s goals is to produce a combined, enhanced data set on early Stuart diplomats to which related projects can readily link via standard identifiers and common data structures. In the poster, I will present this on-going project, the current state of my research, and share preliminary results.

DepositJohn Taylor (1597-1655): English Catholic Gentleman and Caroline Diplomat

During the Thirty Years’ War, John Taylor served at the Habsburg courts in Brussels, Madrid, and Vienna. Although he figured prominently in Charles I’s secret Habsburg foreign policy during the war, published information on Taylor is sparse. His story is especially compelling given his own and his family’s connections with Continental Catholicism as well as his involvement, as a gentleman of indisputably Catholic background, in English diplomacy of the time. Taylor’s story demonstrates that Charles I had no qualms about taking Catholics into his service and entrusting them with negotiations of a sensitive nature. Taylor’s involvement in the King’s secret Habsburg foreign policy was in fact due in large part to his vulnerable financial, religious, and political position, which made him an easy scapegoat should the need for one arise. In the end, however, the King’s underhanded tactics blew up in his face. While he had Taylor thrown into the Tower for openly dealing with the Emperor, this was not enough to conceal the nature of his negotiations with the Catholic Habsburgs. The exposure of Charles’s secret foreign policy had momentous consequences, for it contributed to the hardening of Protestant opinion against him that manifested itself in the Civil War.

DepositCritical Diplomatic Editing: Applying text-critical principles as algorithms

The “usefulness” of a critical apparatus depends both on the editor’s judgment of what to include or exclude and also on a given reader’s needs, which may or may not align with the editor’s critical principles. The challenge, then, is to make the critical apparatus flexible – to allow the reader to change the level of detail presented in the apparatus, on demand. In this paper, I will present a hypertext edition and an open-source software platform currently in development that performs automatic collation on demand and generates an apparatus for a base text and a set of variant texts, with constraints on the level of detail to be included in the apparatus that can be adjusted by the reader. These constraints are essentially the reader’s text-critical principles, expressed as parameters that guide the collation algorithm. I will consider the specific challenges and solutions of such a platform as they relate to the presentation of Sanskrit texts as well as the general scholarly aims that I hope to achieve by producing such a work.

MemberMartin Brown

Dr Brown holds a Ph.D. in International History from the University of Surrey, and a M. A. in central and eastern European studies from the School Of Slavonic and East European Studies (S.S.E.E.S.) at the University of London. He is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (F.R.Hist.S.), and a member of the New Diplomatic History Network.He is the Associate Dean for Research at Richmond, and a section editor in History for the Open Library of the Humanities.The primary focus of his recent research has been European diplomatic history. He is currently studying British foreign policy during the era of Détente leading up to the Helsinki Final Act of 1975.

DepositRelazioni diplomatiche tra la Repubblica di Ragusa e l’Impero del Marocco. La missione Casilari (1779-1780)

This article focuses on the diplomatic mission of the Ragusean captain Casilari, to free the crew of a Ragusean ship captured by the Moroccan pirates. Through the relations between Ragusa and the empire of Morocco, the paper deals with an episode of the endemic piracy in the Mediterranean, but it also sheds light on the importance of the Ragusean consular network which provided vital information for the success of the mission.

DepositThe Politics of Diplomacy: The Palatinate and Anglo-Imperial Relations in the Thirty Years’ War

This dissertation examines the diplomatic relations between the King of England and the Holy Roman Emperor in the 1630s. Negotiations between the two rulers revolved around the settlement of the Palatinate question, one of the most vexing issues of the Thirty Years’ War. This study focuses specifically on the missions of the three diplomats most intimately involved in Anglo-Imperial negotiations of the later 1630s: the English diplomats John Taylor and Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel, and the Imperial envoy Clement Radolt. Through a detailed analysis of their negotiations, this dissertation shows that English foreign policy in these years, though it produced no tangible results, had the potential to succeed. Although historians have traditionally downplayed England’s influence on Continental powers, the evidence shows that Charles I’s favor was highly valued at the Habsburg courts and that he had more foreign policy options in the later 1630s than has been commonly assumed. Unlike previous work, this study investigates the European as well as the British context of early Stuart foreign policy. It therefore draws not only upon sources from British archives, such as the Public Record Office, British Library, Bodleian Library, and Arundel Castle Archives, but also upon the abundant material concerning Britain in Continental repositories, including the Haus-, Hof- and Staatsarchiv, Finanz- and Hofkammerarchiv, Allgemeines Verwaltungsarchiv, and Wiener Stadt- und Landesarchiv in Austria.

DepositTranscription: More Than Meets the Eye

A low-tech introductory workshop on print-to-digital transcription for an audience interested in the creation of digital editions. Learning objectives include: recognition of the intellectual labor involved in transcription; understanding of the basic concepts of textual scholarship, especially the distinction between text and document; familiarity with the three major methods of transcription (diplomatic, linear, and timed) and what factors should be taken into consideration when choosing a strategy; and awareness of TEI as a possible tool for digital editions.

DepositHUKUK İLE SAVAŞ ARASINDA HOBBES, ROUSSEAU, VATTEL VE CLAUSEWİTZ

Hukuk ve savaş toplumun dışarıda ve içeride iki karşıt ağıdır. Savaş iç ilişkilere sirayet edebildiği gibi, hukuk da zaman geçtikçe dış ilişkilerde önem kazanmaktadır. Savaş ile hukukun yorumunu yapan filozoflar bu çalışmanın kaynaklarıdır. Hobbes’un savaşı ve hukuku dış ve iç ilişkiler olarak görmesi ve ikisinde de iktidarı mutlak kılması öncelikle ele alınmıştır. Daha sonra Rousseau’nun medeniyet eleştirisi ile savaşı ve iktidarı mutlak kılmaya karşı çıkması konu edilmiştir. Bir hukukçu ve diplomat olan Vattel ile bu iki fikrin uygulamaya geçirilebilir tarzı telif edilmiştir. Üç filozofun da doğal hukukun farklı bakış açıları çerçevesinde konuyu yorumlamaları sonucunda Clausewitz’e varmak hedeflenmiştir. Böylelikle iki kuramcı ve bir diplomattan sonra sahadan bir savaşçı ile sonuca ulaşılmaktadır Law and war are two opposite networks within and outside of the society. While war can show within internal relations, law becomes more important in foreign relations. The philosphers, who commented about war and law are the references of this study. Seeing war and law as external and internal relations, and rendering government as unconditional power, Hobbes is handled first. After that, Rousseau’s critic of civilization and o pposition for govermental and military absolutism is studied. The practical nature of these two ideas and ideas of Vattel, a jurist and diplomat are analysed together. Having looked into the different viewpoints of these three philosophers about the natural law, it is finally aimed to approach Clausewitz, allowing us to reeach a conclusion utilizing ideas of two theorists, a diplomat and a warrior from the field 

DepositAlfred Reumont als Sagensammler und Sagenautor

Alfred von Reumont published popular books on the legends of Aachen and the Rhine: Aachens Liederkranz und Sagenwelt (1829, new edition 1873: Aachener Liederchronik) and Rheinlands Sagen, Geschichten und Legenden (1837, English: Ruins of the Rhine. Their Times and Traditions). They are contextualized in the framework of German legend production and Rhine Romanticism. The essay concludes with remarks on the perception of the relationship between legend and history in Germany in the nineteenth century. Printed: Klaus Graf: Alfred Reumont als Sagensammler und Sagenautor. In: Alfred von Reumont (1808-1887) – ein Diplomat als kultureller Mittler. Ed. by Frank Pohle (= Historische Forschungen 107). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 2015, pp. 125-136.